Jan 25 - What is psychology? The science of behavior (what...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is psychology? The science of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, and feelings) Nature/Nurture Controversy The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to development of psychological traits and behaviors Look at psychology’s current perspectives*** (chart)-Within psych 2 Types of psychological research Basic research Pure science that aims to increase the knowledge base (done in a lab) ex. What part of the brain does something Applied Research Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems Human intuition-tend to give more credit when our gut feeling comes true but dismiss it when our gut feeling doesn’t come true Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Psychologists use the science of behavior and mental processes to better understand why people think, feel, and act as they do. Hindsight Bias- we tend to believe, after learning an outcome, that we would have foreseen it (the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon) Ex: 9-11 say that they should have had more security/protected airplanes and such…bottom line…if you knew about why didn’t you do something about it? Overconfidence- we tend to think we know more than we do and we tend to be more confident than correct in our responses to factual questions Critical thinking: Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions Examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, assesses conclusions (News throws out teasers and we normally just accept it as fact when we should think critically about what they are actually saying) Critical Thinking in Psych HANDOUT wreat, etryn, oscha, grabe =water, entry, chaos, barge The scientific method Theory - an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations Hypothesis- a testable prediction; often implied by a theory Ex discussion ?- OCD- Hypothesis and case study/survey…(research methods) observations of data go back to records, interview clinicians… The Scientific Method (circular) Theories Lead to hypothesis Operational definition - a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables -A subject’s presence in a room may be operationally defined as when the subject’s 2 feet cross over the doorway into the room of interest human behavior may make the above difficult (in between rooms)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Research subjects Population-all the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn Random sample - a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion ( do the best that you can so that you can effectively represent the population; don’t have the monetary support/ other resources to do whole populations) Case study - an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles (In reality you usually don’t have a good enough sample to generalize based on your research)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Wessel-blaski during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin Colleges.

Page1 / 5

Jan 25 - What is psychology? The science of behavior (what...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online