Lecture17 Social - Social Archaeology 19th Century view of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Social Archaeology
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
19 th Century view of Social Evolution Change from simple to complex universal Savages Starving , ignorant , superstitious , violent Barbarians Less starving , ignorant , superstitious , violent Civilized Orderly , moral , wealthy , sophisticated , reasonable • Progress ( increasing intelligence , beauty , goodness ) inevitable . • West s role was to lead others in progress and civilize less advanced peoples .
Image of page 2
Civilization An advanced state of intellectual , cultural , & material development in human society - Websters Conventional hallmarks: Writing Monumental architecture Art True warfare ( killing non - combatants ) Urbanization ( cities ) Labor specialization Non - kinship based government Class strati fi cation
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Social Complexity
Image of page 4
Increasing Social Complexity Band Small , dispersed , ad hoc leadership Little specialization Tribe Villages , leadership via consensus more specialization Chiefdom Multiple villages / centers , social ranking , some specialists State Cities , towns , villages , Elaborate hierarchies , bureaucratic rule , great specialization
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nothing Human is Simple
Image of page 6
Resource Intensi fi cation
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hierarchy & Complex Society Egalitarianism , Hierarchy , & Heterarchy The domestication of people Bands / Tribes / Chiefdoms & States Archaeological evidence for and manifestations of complexity
Image of page 8
Egalitarianism
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hierarchy ( vertical ) Unequal distribution of Wealth , Power , & Rank . Why do people give up autonomy? Integrative / cooperative / functionalist approaches: Hydraulic hypothesis Population growth Environmental stress Trade Coercive approaches: Warfare Class con ict Strategic / Agency approaches Aggrandizers
Image of page 10
Heterarchy ( horizontal )
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cooperation 1 : Hydraulic Hypothesis Inequality / Hierarchy emerges through e ff orts to organize public works such as irrigation agriculture .
Image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern