Patient Scenario A 50-year-old male came to the emergency department with complaints of a productive cough with bloody sputum. The patient reports that he has been experiencing chest pains and not getting sleep for three weeks because of persistent coughing. He also states that he is having sweats and feeling hot at night. He does not have an appetite and has lost almost 15 pounds since he’s been sick. The patient has been homeless for two years and recently has been in a shelter. He has been smoking a cigarette for 30 years, and he uses one pack of cigarette per day. He admits that he uses illegal drugs, and he drinks alcohol every day. Patient has been placed under airborne isolation and waiting for results of chest x-rays and TB skin test and asked the patient to collect sputum for Acid- Fast Bacilli test Contributing Factors Associated with TB Individuals of all ages are susceptible to TB but are more prevalent among adults. There are many risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB). If we are around the person with active TB, who is coughing, we are at risk of TB infection. The risk of infection increases for the people who uses the intravenous drug, healthcare workers, and individuals who live or work in a homeless shelter, migrant farm camp, prison or jail, or nursing home. Most people who are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the bacteria that cause TB) do not develop active disease. According to cope (2015), the smokers are more than likely to be diagnosed with the
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 4 pages?
- Spring '15