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Reconstruction (1865-1877)Antebellum/ Post-bellum-Roughly 633,000 deadPopulation of Atlanta (2008): 520,000Population of Athens (2008): 111,500-Total population of US was at 15 million- 2008 statistics:US population: 305,000,000GA population: 9+ millionAL population: 45+ million-Reconstruction was a process not an answer to the question: “What now (after the war)?”* It was the state’s right to continue slavery = started the Civil WarAntietam:September 17, 1862-Bloodiest single day in American History-Funerals and embalming started because families wanted their loved ones home-Cities were devastated- became a characteristic of the South-Sherman (most known for Sherman’s march to sea) became most hated in the SouthHe understood the war and used the ‘March to Sea’ as an effort to destroy everything and “break the South’s back.”-Sherman felt the need to destroy transportation (railroads)-Sherman’s soldiers built fires along the railroad consisting of railroad tracks and wood. Bent the tracks while hot then cooledand could not be straightened out again (unusable).
-First telegraph ran from the East Coast to the West Coast- sent in Morse Code- took skill, practice and money to send telegraphsEmancipation--Slave masters did not receive financial compensation when the Emancipation Proclamation took effect-Slaves were uncompensated for their labor-they received nothing but freedomSlavery- “The Peculiar Institution”-Only ¼ of white Southerners owned slavesLarge class distinctions:-3000 people in the South in 1860 owned 100+ slaves-Less than 1% of white SouthernersTypical slave owner had 1 or 2 slaves- at most a family330,000 slave owners- 4 million slavesMeans that a typical slave lived on a large plantation-Vast majority of Southerners DID NOT own slaves Then why did most Southerners support slavery?Hope of rising in status- UPWARD MOBILITYSlaves were the bottom ring of the socio-economic ladder-Gave even the poorest whites someone to look down upon-Slavery is a system of forced labor based on RACE