Care of the older adult 1 - Thread week 1 Below you will...

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Thread week 1Below you will find a chart that you must complete for the Older Adult, what I want you tospecifically address are their major Physiological Changes and Special Care Needs for eachcategory. Remember just because everyone ages it does not mean every older adult will havethose findings, but there are distinct concerns in every category. Be a critical thinker from thingsyou have seen or read, but do not simply copy resources word for word.For those of you withaging parents/siblings/relatives what do you see?To get you started I have completed one ofthe areas, to give you an idea of what I am looking for.SystemSignificant Physiological ChangesSpecial Care NeedsIntegumentarySignificant physiological changes-Skin elasticity decreases, skin becomes thinner anddrier, tearing of skin becomes easier, skin is more prone to bruising and wrinkling, hairchanges color and thins, alopecia is more common, infection is more common in skinlesions due to a weaker immune system, nails become thicker, pressure ulcers are morelikely to occur.Special Care Needs- Education about proper hygiene and the importance of a dailymoisturizer, as well as education about protection from the skin, the importance ofbathing but not excessive bathing, in diabetics extra education regarding nail and footcare.NeurologicalSignificant physiological changes– thought processes begin to slow, memoryimpairment, ability to perform certain tasks because of a slower thought process,reaction times become delayed, perception of hot and cold are altered, fine motor skillsdecrease, less REM sleep, decline in ability to learn new thingsSpecial Care Needs- educate on maintaining physical and mental stimulation such aswalking, reading, solving puzzles, “you use it or lose it,” facilitate a calming setting forsleepMusculoskeletalSignificant physiological changes-muscle size begins to decrease, muscle wasting ismore common, decreases in bone mass and density of muscles, individuals begin toshrink in height due to the shrinking of bones, fractures are more likely, endurance forphysical activity decreases.Special Care Needs- educate on the importance of calcium and protein, as well asphysical activity, encourage patients to rest as needed during physical activity to preventexhaustion and/or physical injury, testing for osteoporosis.
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CardiovascularSignificant physiological changes-more likely to have orthostatic hypotension,increased risk of high blood pressure, decrease in cardiac output, heart rate remainshigh for an extended period of time following physical activity, the heart begins to getlarger and heavier due to decreased output,Special Care Needs-monitor blood pressure and pulse rate, encourage patients to allowtransition time between lying, sitting, and standing to prevent dizziness, educate onsigns and symptoms of heart attack and stroke, as well as the importance of physicalactivity and smoking cessation if applicable.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Huitt
Tags
Special care needs
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 14 / Exercise 011
Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View
Cavanaugh/Kail
Expert Verified

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