WWC Contraception Outline

WWC Contraception Outline - I How has the use of...

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I. How has the use of contraception been studied over time? II. What different questions have been asked? III. What kind of evidence has been used? IV. What methods were used to find the evidence? The recent research regarding second century contraceptives provides strong evidence for the effectiveness of the contraceptive drugs employed by Soranus and Dioscorides. The general method of analysis used by scholars is an evaluation of the similarities present in second century and modern day antifertility lists. In 1974, Wolfgang Jochle compared the plant derived drugs used by Soranus and Dioscorides with two modern pharmacological guides and found a 56 percent correlation between the two. However, Jochle incorrectly translated some of the plant names, causing him to omit or misidentify several plants, resulting in inaccurate correlational findings. Although the findings fail to represent the complete relationship between the lists, it is still evident that the early Greeks were proficient in distinguishing plants with antifertility capabilities. Similarly, a study conducted in 1980 by Norman Farsworth examined modern day plants with pharmacological qualities in numerous areas. Farsworth's research analyzed the role of hundreds of plants in effecting fertility and consistently found the same plants as the most effective. Interestingly, the majority of the plants were identified as those utilized in pre modern medicine. In the same vein, a 1977 textbook identifies the oral contraceptive capability of pomegranate, date palm, and apple seeds, as well as the plant matter of willow flowers and scotch pine. These five plants, four of which were utilized by Dioscorides and Soranus, contain female steroids similar to modern day birth control. These plants were all deemed effective forms of oral contraception by modern science. V. What conclusions have been reached? VI. How has it been interpreted by 5-6 different scholars? VII. Why have the scholars offered different interpretations? Incorrect interpretations of plant names Don't account for discrepancy in plant names, existence, and location VII. What different interpretations have been offered?
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Plato: In Laws , he discusses measures that could be followed to ensure population stability and manage fertility. In Theaeteus , the use of drugs and incantations by midwives is mentioned. It is stated the midwives were able to ease the pain of labor, or cause an abortion is so desired. Aristotle: Considered population control desirable and approved of the use of contraceptives, as
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This essay was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course IDS 1108 taught by Professor Evergates during the Spring '08 term at McDaniel.

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WWC Contraception Outline - I How has the use of...

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