Outline2April - ii Ferrell Cells and temperate climates iii...

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BIS 2B J. Stachowicz Introduction to Biology 2 April 08 Introduction to Biodiversity: Large scale patterns, climate and geological history Required reading: Chapter 52.2, 52.3 (skim), 52.4, 52.5 Additional resources (if you are interested in reading more on the topics in this lecture): Schoenherr, A.A. 1995. A Natural History of California. University of California Press. 772pp. See especially Chapters 1 and 4. Lecture Outline I. What is climate and why does it matter? a. Patterns of temperature and precipitation b. Effect of climate on vegetation types II. Causes of global climate a. Incident solar radiation i. Convection and the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) ii. Seasonality in solar radiation and the position of the ITCZ b. Air circulation paterns i. Hadley Cells, Horse Latitudes and Deserts
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Unformatted text preview: ii. Ferrell Cells and temperate climates iii. Global patterns of precipitation c. Global patterns of vegetation (biomes) III. Causes of local climate a. Maritime effect and coastal fog b. Rainshadows and orographic uplift c. Case study of the Sierra-Nevada i. Climate and rainshadows ii. Vegetation change with altitude iii. How individual species respond evolutionarily to climate gradient IV. Longer-term changes in geology and climate a. Changes in sea level and temperature over the past 500 million years b. Plate tectonics and movement of the continents c. Assembly and breakup of Pangaea, a supercontinent d. Legacy of continental movements i. Vicariance ii. Biotic interchange...
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