CPHC in Australia.edited - Running head: COMPREHENSIVE...

  • Kenyatta University
  • IT 402
  • Notes
  • pinuses
  • 14
  • 100% (3) 3 out of 3 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 14 pages.

Running head: COMPREHENSIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IN AUSTRALIA1Comprehensive Primary Health Care in AustraliaNameInstitution
COMPREHENSIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IN AUSTRALIA2According to World Health Organization (2008), comprehensive primary health care(CPHC) holds a lot of potential as a model of the health system in addressing the 21stC healthissues and concerns. Some of these critical elements in the postmodern health organizationsinclude achievement of equitable health outcomes, prevention of chronic diseases, effectivemanagement and bringing on board communities in managing and planning services. CPHCfocusses on equity implying that it is best suited for still developing populations that requirespecial consideration of the needs of groups with poorer health status. CPHC differentiates fromPHC as it utilizes a selective approach that emphasizes interventions that aim at a particulardisease or describing the first line medical care. CPHC was a strategy initiated by the WorldHealth Organization articulated in the Alma Ata Declaration on PHC in 1978 aimed at achievingquality healthcare for all by the year 2000.Role of PHC Aboriginal Communities in AustraliaThe most common interpretations of the primary health care in Australia are recognizedas the first level of service and entry point for all health care consumers. In most cases, this doesnot go to the extent of reaching the levels of CPHC as envisioned in the Alma Ata Declaration,yet it appears to be more holistic and robust than the traditional PHC approach. The areas ofoverall absence of effective methods to equity in PHC interventions and intersectionalcollaboration seem to be the one that is predominantly lacking concerning PHC application.According to McDonald et al. (2006), while Australia has numerous reforms and initiativessupporting a more comprehensive PHC approach, a vast majority of these are unstainable andhence ineffective (Glied & Smith, 2011). They explicitly state that the central area of inefficientCPHC reforms is the area involving system-wide changes.
COMPREHENSIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IN AUSTRALIA3There exists a lot of anecdotal and local level evidence suggesting that PHC plays aninstrumental role in improving the health of developing population groups. Statistics released bythe Australian government, a functional primary service has greater potential in subsidizing ratesof hospitalization, mortality rates as well as the health inequalities. This position of thegovernment aligns with findings by Starfield et al. (2005), in their review of the contribution ofthe PHC systems and outcomes. In this study, Macinko and Shi avail evidence demonstratingthat capacity of responsive PCH services to prevent death and illnesses based on the relationshipwith receipt services and access to a physician. The researchers suggest that PHC can improveearly childhood and maternal outcomes reduce mortality and morbidity in the population along

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 14 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
DR.Morara
Tags
Winter Exam Preparation Notes, Indigenous Australians, primary health care

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture