US HISTORY TEST 5-8 - In 1775 as conflicts with England intensified American colonists were deeply divided about what they were fighting for Published

US HISTORY TEST 5-8 - In 1775 as conflicts with England...

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In 1775, as conflicts with England intensified, American colonists were deeply divided about what they were fighting for. Published in January 1776, Common Sense was written by Thomas Paine. The author of Common Sense considered the English constitution to be the greatest problem facing the colonists. The Declaration of Independence borrowed heavily from previously published colonial documents. Financing the Revolution was difficult for the American side because hard currency was scarce. The war effort by American colonists would be financed primarily by borrowing from abroad. As commander of the Continental Army, George Washington was admired, respected, and trusted by nearly all Patriots. At the start of the Revolution, American advantages over the British included a greater commitment to the war. Which of the following took place during the first phase (1775-76) of the Revolutionary War? British troops evacuated Boston. In the Battle of Bunker Hill, the British suffered heavy casualties. During the second phase (1776-78) of the American Revolution, British military efforts were hampered by a series of tactical blunders and misfortunes. When George Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night, 1776, he was intent on surprising Hessians. Among the following, who was NOT a British military leader during the American Revolution? Horatio Gates The British military campaigns of 1777 saw General John Burgoyne suffer a major defeat at Saratoga.
During the American Revolution, the Iroquois Confederacy officially declared its neutrality. In early 1778, France worried that the United States would quit the war against the British. After the Battle of Saratoga, the British prime minister Lord North responded to the colonies with an offer of complete colonial home rule within the empire if they would quit the war. Which of the following nations was America's most important ally during the war? France In the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution, the British badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists. As the fighting in the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution carried into communities previously isolated from the war, support for independence greatly increased. Which of the following statements regarding Benedict Arnold is FALSE? Arnold spent the last years of the Revolution as a prisoner of war. Which of the following was the scene of a substantial British victory in the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution? Charleston Which of the following statements regarding General Nathanael Greene is FALSE? He led American forces to victory in the battle at Yorktown. The battle at Yorktown involved a combined French and American army and navy. The principal Americans who negotiated the peace terms with the British were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay.

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