10-17-06 notes - ISS 215 10/17/06 - Classification and...

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ISS 215 – 10/17/06 --- Classification and Colonization  Historical production of race difference: racism and science 1735 - Modern classification of human populations begins: Linnaeus publishes  Systemae Naturae Divided genus Homo in 4 ‘varieties’, based on physical features, cultural  practices (and bias) Americanus  – reddish, choleric, and erect; hair black, straight, thick; wide  nostrils, scanty beard; obstinate, merry, free, paints himself with fine red  lines, regulated by customs Asiaticus  – sallow, melancholy, stiff, hair black, dark eyes, severe,  haughty, avaricious; covered with loose garments; ruled by opinions Africanus  – black, phlegmatic, relaxed; hair black, frizzles; skin silky;  nose flat; lips tumid; women without shame, they lactate profusely; crafty,  indolent, negligent; anoints himself with grease; governed by caprice Europeaus  – white, sanguine, muscular, hair long, flowing; eyes blue;  gentle, acute, inventive; covers himself with close vestments; governed by  laws 1770s - Blumenbach classified humans into 5 different ‘varieties’ associated with  geographic regions: Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American, and Malay - Different varieties not considered equal; rank depended on how closely  they conformed to European model - Explanation for ranking: Biblical account of creation, then “degeneration”
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10-17-06 notes - ISS 215 10/17/06 - Classification and...

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