MUSIC FINAL EXAM REVIEW

MUSIC FINAL EXAM REVIEW - 9:36:00 AM MUSIC FINAL EXAM...

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15/12/2007 09:36:00 MUSIC FINAL EXAM REVIEW A. FACTUAL QUESTIONS will cover the following information: The Renaissance: general points. 1. The term “Renaissance” refers to the 15th- and 16th- century rebirth (i.e., rediscovery) of the human-centered culture of Classical Greece and Rome. 2. The increasing secularism of the Renaissance can be seen in (a) the increased use of duple meter (i.e., meter that did not symbolize the holy Trinity) in Renaissance music; (b) Dufay’s use of a secular melody as the cantus firmus for his L’homme armé Mass; (c) the increasing amount of instrumental dance music and secular vocal music published during the 16th century. 3. The first geographical center of Renaissance music was Burgundy; later, Italy became an important center. 4. Beginning in the late 15th century, printers learned techniques for printing music, which made it fairly easy to reproduce music in multiple copies. Due to demand from the new merchant class of gentlemen amateurs, much secular vocal and instrumental music (as well as sacred music) was now published. Thus we have far more secular music from the Renaissance than from the medieval period, in which most of the music that has survived was copied by church scribes for use in the church. Most Renaissance secular music was based on dance rhythms (see the heading “Renaissance dance and Renaissance secular music” below). Differences between medieval music (through the 14th century) and Renaissance music (15th-16th centuries).
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1. Rhythmic organization : Whereas medieval pieces favored triple meters to symbolize the holy Trinity, Renaissance music (both sacred and secular) made increasing use of duple, as well as triple, patterns. 2. Harmony : Medieval music favored the Pythagorean intervals of the 4th, 5th, and octave. Renaissance music increasingly employed the “sweeter” sounds of 3rds and 6ths, along with the Pythagorean intervals. 3. Texture : Whereas medieval music employed either monophony or complex polyphony, Renaissance music gradually began to favor imitative polyphony and homophony, new textures which gave the same kind of clarity to Renaissance musical works that the new technique of linear perspective gave to the Renaissance visual arts. Imitative polyphony is a polyphonic texture in which voices enter successively, each using the musical material of an earlier voice. Homophony, as we heard it in Renaissance music, is a texture in which all voices move in
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course HUMN 1010 taught by Professor Cranahan,shirley during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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MUSIC FINAL EXAM REVIEW - 9:36:00 AM MUSIC FINAL EXAM...

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