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CAMWexam2 - 11:45:00 General Mining Law 1872 • Aimed to...

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15/11/2007 11:45:00 General Mining Law 1872 Aimed to promote the extraction of precious metals from publicly- owned lands in the western US. The law allows mining interests to take hardrock minerals including gold, silver, and uranium from public lands without paying royalties and to buy mineral bearing public lands for no more than $5 per acre. Codified the informal system of acquiring and protecting mining claims on public land, formed by prospectors in California and Nevada from the late 1840s through the 1860s, such as during the California Gold Rush. Beginning in the late 1800’s, American views of the land began to shift: o Land is a source of inspiration Transcendental idea of nature “In every walk with Nature one receives far more than he seeks.”- John Muir o Land is a resource for recreation Sportsmanship/hunting Tourism o Land is a source of rapidly diminishing raw materials (lumber, coal, minerals) for the growing nation Forest Reserve Act 1891 Allowed for there to be land fro the public domain set aside for forest reserves. o President has the power to impose restrictions Over 47 million acres in first 10 years
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Roosevelt alone-103 million acres o 1907 Midnight Reserves=16 million acres Some lands will never be given away and kept as public lands not for occupancy or settlement, but for the future. o Grover Clevland doubled the amount of forest reserves from 19 to 39 million acres. In the Act of Transfer of 1905 forest reserves changed to National forests. Taylor Grazing Act 1834 regulates grazing on federal public land. The Secretary of the Interior has the authority to handle all of the regulations, and he became responsible for establishing grazing districts. o These can be vacant, unappropriated, and unreserved land from public lands, all except for Alaska, o national forests, parks, monuments, Indian reservations, railroad grant lands, and revested Coos o Bay Wagon Road grant lands. o Surrounding land owners may be granted right of passage over these districts. Permits o are given for grazing privileges in the districts. Also permits can be given to build fences, o reservoirs, and other improvements. The permittees are required to pay a fee, and the permit cannot exceed ten years but is renewable. Permits can be revoked due to severe drought or other natural disasters that deplete grazing lands.
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