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Unformatted text preview: Leadership styles o Democratic- encourage participation of all o Laissez-Faire- take little initiative, asks group to take charge o Autocratic- attempts to dominate and control group; gives orders o Contingency- situations vary and therefore require different leadership styles o Functions- groups most effected when specific leadership functions are performed by leaders as need (any1 can be a leader aww) Approaches to leadership o Traits Approach-assumes leaders possess traits distinguish them from other members (born leader) o Styles approach- democratic; laissez-faire, autocratic, contingency, functional Leader as completer o LMX Model o Leader Member Exchange o Supervisors develop different kinds of leadership relationships with their subordinates o Members differentiate in the amount of negotiating latitude they are allowed by leaders Types of power o Reward- giving tangible and intangible items o Punish- withholding tangible and intangible items o Legitimate- accepted and acknowledged by followers o Referent- based on attraction and identification o Expert- perceived as having knowledge or skills vital to group Types of nonverbal communication o Physical appearance o Space and Setting Urinal example o Eye signals o Facial Expressions- happy/sad/anger/disgust/surprise o Movement- kinesic.emblems like thumbs up or down o Vocal cues- tone, pitch, rate, force o Time cues- time precious.arriving fashionably late o Touch- help build/threaten relationship..social/friendly/sexual Nonverbal signals o Include all signs except the actual words themselves Characteristics of verbal language o Difference between concrete and abstract words Concrete vs. Abstract = Apple vs. Freedom o Ambiguous words Different meanings to different people usually abstract o Emotive words...
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course CAS 100B taught by Professor Scholl,maryl during the Summer '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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