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Exam 2 review - Exam#2 Religions of China and Japan...

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Exam #2: Religions of China and Japan Overview Know the basic elements of the ancient Chinese religious system o Yin-yang/Yang-yin – light/dark – complimentary but opposite/opposite but complimentary o Shang Ti or Tian – high power that exists in nature; a personal God o Tao – “the way” or “the path” towards harmony o Wu Wei – without asserting force To do things without asserting force; things flow naturally What is the main goal of Chinese life? o Achieve harmony (2 ways): Confucianism – socially and politically Daoism – with nature Confucianism o More social and political o Achieve harmony socially and politically o Everyone lives harmoniously Know the life of Confucius, including his original name o Named K’ung Ch’iu o Given the title “Kung Fu Tzu” meaning Great Teacher o Born in noble family Father died when he was a child o Was a tax collector => Teacher => Minister in government Understand the basic concepts in Confucianism and their relationships o Ren (Jen) – love for humanity o Li – doing things properly o Te – power
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Ideal man or gentleman o Called Junzi Man of knowledge Open-minded
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