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Unformatted text preview: Judaism Western tradition Scripture sacred word of god rather than word of wise men Monotheistic Wise men are prophets bring message from god Started with Judaism Day of Judgment examined to go to heaven or hell Life after death Judaism Who is a jaw? Where is his identity located? Jude- one who comes from Judea; an identity in terms of land and region Israel name given to Jacob; means one who strives with God. It is religious identity Hebrew the people and the language they speak Most probably the word Hebrew comes from the word Apiru from Phoenician language, meaning the one who rides caravans; nomadic people Star of David Background in Development of Judaic Thought Preceding Judaism, we have the near eastern religions which comprise the Sumerian => Assyrian => Babylonian => and Egyptian religions. They seem to have influenced the development of Judaic thought historically. Egyptians are newest, Sumerians are oldest 1. The near Eastern religions: Polytheistic, but try to conceive of one highest God (ie Marduk in the Babylonian religion) Apsu (sweet waters) Tiamat (salty waters) Mumy (mist) The 3 elements that Marduk made the world out of 2. They try to conceive of heaven and hell and idea of reward and punishment 3. We find a parallel Myth of Flood to the Hebrew Bible Story of Noah. But, it is Judaism which becomes monotheistic religion in history of mankind. Judaism becomes the foundation of prophetic religious tradition in West, thereby we have religions such as Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam Ziadusthia The Hebrew Bible Judaism is often associated with the land of Israel, but Judaism is better understood when one studies the Hebrew Bible History of Jewish people Their thought How they lived through history Written down as early as 800 BCE (?) but final form achieved 400 BCE (?) Consists of Torah (teachings) book of guidance Nevim (prophets) Kethuwim (writings) These 3 writings are as a short form called T-N-K (or Tanakh or Tanaka)...
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