Chapter 17 - NOTES - HIST2110 - Chapter 17 Reconstruction The Unfinished Promise Jefferson Davis called for guerilla resistance to reconstruction An End

Chapter 17 - NOTES - HIST2110 - Chapter 17 Reconstruction...

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Chapter 17: Reconstruction: The Unfinished Promise Jefferson Davis called for guerilla resistance to reconstruction An End to an Era o Southern Recovery Would take more than generation Southerners shocked by violence & destruction Unable to explain loss Turn against freedman population o Blame them for war & defeat o Emergence of Racism Whites grow increasingly angry Make racial distinctions more rigid Race provides identity transcending material poverty Racial solidarity become source of pride & identity White solidarity depends on violence o Reconstructing the South Planters neither willingly accept emancipation nor oversee process Fear what would happen if left to Northerners to decide Reconstructing the South o Began during the Civil War Start with slaves leaving plantations Slaves flood Union lines Fed. Govt. must reorganize captured confederate states 1 st : what to do with the freedman 2 nd : what to do politically with new territory o Lincoln 1 st to deal with issues Not develop coherent plan
Moving toward general Reconstruction policy “Malice toward none and charity for all” Felt war about restoring Union, not ending slavery Emancipation proclamation was just war measure Seeking full restoration of Union as fast as possible. Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction o Start when state fall under federal control Lincoln appoint military governor Immediately begin process of bringing state into Union as war continued o The Thirteenth Amendment June 2864, Lincoln calls for Constitutional ban on slavery Part of Platform for 1864 Election Abolishes & Prohibits slavery forever Passed Congress in 1865 & sent to states for ratification o The Ten Percent Plan 1/10 th of all people who vote in 1860 in state must take oath declaring loyalty to the US Constitution Then permitted to form government By 1864, 3 states (TN, AR, & LA) admitted But Ten Percent Plan hated by some members of Lincoln’s own party (wanted southerners to suffer and be punished) Questioning Lincoln’s Plan o Many think Lincoln being too lenient on South o Others say not have authority to impose 10% plan Argue that authority rests on congress o Rejecting Lincoln’s Plan Delegates from 3 Reconstructed states show up in Congress Republicans refuse to seat them Begin to put forward on plan The Wade(OH)-Davis(MD) Plan/Bill o Republican Congressional plan articulated in Wade-Davis Bill of 1864 2
Unlike Lincoln, Congress readmission more strenuous No state should return to Union during war o The New Plan Say ½ of citizens in state who vote in 1860 must take loyalty oath before admitted Oath not more stringent o BUT had to never voluntarily aid Confederacy o Means oath taker couldn’t participate in Confederate fight or Government Citizens who serve in any office in Confederacy or in Confederate Army automatically disqualified from voting

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