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History 151 Notes (First Exam)

History 151 Notes (First Exam) - History study of the past...

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History- study of the past through the written word. B.C.- A.D. (Before Christ and Anna Domini) B.C.E- C.E (Before Common Era and Common Era) Europe 1450-1600 1. The Renaissance- Davinci 2. The Reformation- Luther 3. The Exploration Age- Columbus 1. The Renaissance: (the rebirth) <- Medieval Age -famous artist (Leonardo Davinci and Michelangelo) -this is the period of birth of opera and classical music -this period is a turning point -a tremendously period of time The Medieval Age - had no artist - it was the great age of Christian faith - it was the age of the catholic church - it was the time of a monopoly The Renaissance -was Greeks and Romans -classical learning is being reborn (not art) -Artist tried to make a living -the purpose of art is to make a living -there was individualism and name recognition The Renaissance artist were being paid by someone else -the greatest painter: Albrecht Durer -he made religious paintings such as the annunciation painting - in the lower right hand corner he would put a symbol (such as a beetle) as his decoration of independence to show that he painted that art work and no one else would take credit for it. 2. The Reformation: 900 + - Notre Dame was the famous cathedral - There were very costly churches - Wealth was measured by how much land you had
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Relics - are the belief that if an object is associated with a holy person, the object will have holy power. -Pilgrims - the relics is the source of the pilgrims -they became a source of revenue creating a hierarchy of holy churches Primogeniture - first birth -First born would get the land -the value is gone if the land is divided up -other sons could join the church, military, or become a knight -promotes and supports the practice of simony -Simony: the practice of when a religious official dies, he candidate who makes the largest donation to the church gets the office -Catholics believe in tithe (union tools to belong to institution that will give salvation.) Pluralism : holding more than one religious office (this creates the issue of Absenteeism) 2 Catholic Churches: 1. The Vatican-the hierarchy 2. Grass Roots Church- poor congregation (priest was local) 1300s- The Black Death (European was extinct) Black Plague - extremely deathly disease (contagious) The parish priest gave last rites during the black plague because faith was more important to them. Great Schism of 1378 -Avignon was re-located -Excommunication took place- this is when the holy sacraments are taken away. (denied of them) John Wycliffe- English man (1300’s +-) - he was the first discentor - catholic priesthood is non scriptural - he had no biblical background - priesthood argues against God and is invalid- a fraud - all rituals are invalid - Transubstantiation- bread and wine were turned into body and blood
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- Catholic ritualism is a power play so priest can give power - He honored holy people, but veneration of saints was eliminated - He believes the word of God was found in the bible - Believed to go to bible to know Gods wisdom - Absolute authority of scripture- find own truth through bible (they
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