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Exam 1His 109-Dr. GoanID’sCompromise of 1877This refers to a deal that settled the disputed 1876 U.S. Presidential election. The candidates involved were Samuel J. Tilden (Democrat) and Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican). Rutherford B. Hayes won the election. The following agreements were partof the compromise·Hayes agreed to remove federal troops in the South in the states of Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana. These states were essential to survival of Republican governments in the South.·The appointment of at least one southern Democrat to Hayes's cabinet·The Construction of another transcontinental railroad in the SouthIn exchange, Democrats would:·Accept Hayes’ presidency·Respect blacks’ rightJacob RiisHe was a police reporter whose work appeared in several New York newspapers, documented the living and working conditions of the poor. One of his most famous workswas How the Other Half Lives. Riis argued for better housing, lighting and sanitation, and the construction of city parks and playgrounds. He also encouraged middle and upper class people to take an active role in their communities and help the poor.Sears Roebuck CatalogAfter the Homestead Act of 1862, railroads began to expand westward. Along with railroads came a postal system which permitted the mail delivery of catalogs. Richard Sears began his catalog in 1894 with the Sears and Roebuck Co. It was supposed to have the lowest values and best prices. This catalog expanded from watches and jewelry, offering merchandise such as sewing machines, sporting goods, musical instruments, saddles, firearms, buggies, bicycles, baby carriages, and men’s and children’s clothing. Sears wrote nearly every line appearing in the catalogs using language and expressions that targeted customers.Andrew CarnegieHe was one of the great examples of power during the Gilded Age. His main focus was in the steel industry where he gained enormous amounts of wealth. He formed his own steel company called Carnegie Steel Company which revolutionized steel production in America. Carnegie built steel plants around the country with advanced technology that made steel production faster. Through vertical integration, he owned every form of production in making steel. He owned raw materials, railroads, factories, and coal fields. He sold his company to United States Steel Corporation for $200 million.Ellis IslandWhere they processed immigrants, in New York, from 1870-1900, it was traumatizing for the immigrants because they were invasively checked for diseases like tuberculosis, trachoma, smallpox, etc. The island itself was a symbol of liberty and freedom. This is ironic because the American government was looking for immigrants who were “useful”, which meant that they were not sick, physically fit. They want people who are able to work and not put a burden on society. The influx of immigrants contributed to the rising racial and ethnic diversity of America.
Typhoid MaryMary emigrated from Ireland to the United States in 1883 and made her living as a domestic servant, most often as a cook. From 1900 to 1907 nearly two dozen people