HY Notes (Lecture 14-Final) - Notes for Final Exam Lecture...

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Notes for Final ExamLecture 17 & 19: SKIPPEDLecture 14: Pearl Harbor and World War IICentral question: oWhat caused WWII? oWhat led America to join the fight in WWII? Key TermsGlenn Miller:Russian, very popular, he joined air force at age 38 to perform music for the soldiers, went missing in 1944 Legacies of the New DealNazi PartyTriumph of the Will 1935Benito Mussolini and Francisco FrancoSudetenlandMunich AgreementInvasion of Poland22ndagreementLend-Lease ActJapanese MilitarismPearl Harbor Had the New Deal worked by 1938? Did not end economic depressionBut resulted in:oMinimum wage (Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938)oFirst law banning child labor in certain industriesoCreation of millions of jobs that kept families aliveoBuilt dams, streets, and schoolsoSocial Security Act of 1935oLegal protections for laborers (Wagner Act) I.Roots of World War IIoGlobal Depression Breeds Extremism oFailings of the Treaty of Versailles oAdolph Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany, January of 1933 oNational Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi)oPromising nation jobs oRestore national prideoProvide strong nationalistic agenda oTriumph of the Will (1935) oRally for Nazi party oDirected by Leni Refinschtal
oBenito Mussolini and Francisco Franco oHitler Seeks a Unified Germany, Invades Austria in 1938 oMunich Agreement, 1938 oParties tell Hitler that he can acquire Sudetenland but that’s it. oBetween chamberlain. Daladier, Hitler, and Mussolini oKristillnacht, November 9th1938oNight of broken glassoDestroy Berlin synagogue oNational Origins Act of 1924oOnly about 8,500 Jews taken in annually by the United States between 1935 and 1941 (of a possible 35,000)oNeutrality Act of 1935 and 1936oFranklin D. RooseveltoPrevent US from getting into warsoSays The US would not make loans to belligerent countries oEnd trade with countries in waroFDR was opposed to going to waroGermany invades Poland, September 1939 oBritain sends troops to FranceoWinston Churchill is head of great BritainoFrance falls, June 22, 1940oBlitzkrieg ends at Dunkirk in 1940oFDR Wins a Third Term, 1940o22ndamendment to the constitution passed by congress in 1947 andratified by states in 1951 oSupports the Lend-Lease Act (passed in 1941)oJapan, Pearl Harbor, and America Goes to War oNeeded natural resources oOrganize an attack on the USoTakes place on December 7, 1941Lecture 15Central Question: How did the war reshape America on the home front? Key Terms:1.Pearl Harbor:December 7, 1941Emperor Hirohito and Japanese expansion in the 1930s 24,00 Americans will loose their livesUS declares war on Germany the day after 2.Operation TorchGeneral Eisenhower leads this campaign 3.Dwight D. EisenhowerBecome a major general 4.Selective Service Act of 1940
Creates the first peace time draft Adult males from 18-35 have to fill out these forms to be eligible for this draft 10M Americans are going to be drafted into WWIIExpansion of government in terms of taxesExpands the number of people that can be taxedIncrease taxes on the wealthy

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