HY 104 KEY TERMS - HY 104 KEY TERMS LECTURE 1 1 Lincolns 10...

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HY 104 KEY TERMS:LECTURE 1:1.Lincolns 10% planAllows states to be let back into union as long as 10% of state’s citizens agree to be loyal to the unionIf they agree, they will get back all their property that was seized in the warCan structure government any way they want, but must abolish slavery2.Thaddeus Stevens and Charles summerRadical Republicans that don’t want 10% plan to passProposed Wade-Davis BillLed the fight for Congressional Reconstruction programoEnsure liberty and equality for blacksLed movement to impeach Andrew Johnson3.Wade-Davis billOver 50% of southern states population must pledge oath of loyalty to US to join the unionOfficers for confederacy can’t hold officeGovernments were overseen to make sure black people could vote4.Copperheads, republicans and democrats in 1865Copperheads—democrats; poisonous snakes, sympathetic to confederacy, want war to endRepublican party split in two groupsoRadical republicans—believe in racial equalityoFree soilers—hate slavery because it exploits free labor so poorpeople can’t compete with rich people5.13thamendment “Neither slavery nor servitude shall exist in US”Passed by senate on Jan 31, 1865Ratified on December 5, 18656.Corwin amendment Allows slavery to exist under constitutionPassed on March 2, 1861, but 2/3 states never ratified it7.Andrew Johnson President after Lincoln’s assassination in April 19865oVice president when he was assassinatedSupported war Only southern senatorExtremely poor and stubborn 8.Johnsons reconstruction plan
Did not give amnesty to people with over $20,000 worth of landDidn’t care to use federal power to help black people after the war9.Black codesVagrancy lawsoLaws to discriminate against black peopleoRestricted black people’s freedom and ability to work for pay10. Roots of radical reconstruction Made sure black people are protected 11. Freedoms bureau Created in March 1865Provides support, schools and hospitals for black people in the southJohnson vetoes it, but congress overrides the veto12. 14thamendment All persons born or naturalized in US are citizens of USoGrants black people citizenshipNo state shall deprive an person of life, liberty or property without due process of lawDidn’t give black people right to voteoBut if southern states deny black people the right to vote, there would be serious ramifications13. Reconstruction Acts of 1867Divided south into 5 military districts Must create new state constitutions14. Tenure of Office Act of 1867President can’t remove a member of his cabinet without approval of congressoJohnson wants Edwin Stanton out of officeLeads to Johnson’s impeachment in 1868LECTURE 2:1. Andrew Johnson's Impeachment TrialHe undermined power and authority of congressHouse of Representatives voted to remove him from officeSenate voted 35 to remove him and 19 to keep himo1 vote shy 2. Election of 1868Ulysses S. Grant barely wins election oRepublican that wants to solve problems peacefullyoWar hero image is “vote as you shot”Horatio Seymoure runs with Francis P. Blair Jr. and losesoMakes fiery speeches

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