world civ 2

world civ 2 - JAPAN 1 Feudal system a number of lords and...

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JAPAN 1. Feudal system – a number of lords and ladies who own the majority of the land, divided the land into fiefs (a parcel of land). The fief is worked on by peasants, or vassals in Europe. 2. Shogun – supreme warlord or general, who controlled the army, more powerful than the Daiymo family; un-centralized government 3. Daimyo – powerful, noble families who own most of the fiefs; have peasants working the land for them; relied on the Shogun for protection 4. Shogunate –the system that was introduced in the 12 th century 5. Onin War – 1467-1477; Civil war between clan rivalries over land, trade, and other issues. 6. samurai – the warrior class of Japan. 7. Kyoto – where the emperor lived; the capital city 8. “period of warring states” – 1477-1550; anarchy and war happening. Local clan leaders begin to take control at the local level. THREE GREAT UNIFIERS: Shoguns (warlords)… most important is: 9. Tokugawa Ieyasu – 1603-1616; most powerful Shogun in Japanese history; in 1603, he named himself sole shogun of Japan. Unified Japan, united Japan after a long period of anarchy and civil war into the country that would emerge as one of the great trade partners of the West OUTSIDERS/TRADE: Portuguese are the first to arrive at the ports of Japan; traded goods. Jesuits also there bring Christianity to Japan, mostly Buddhist. Jesuits pushed them too far, got kicked out in 1617 for good. Portuguese also expelled from the country, only the Dutch were permitted to stay. Japanese became more interested in Western technology like reading glasses, clocks, and tobacco. Shinto GOVERNMENT: Daimyo families formed a council of elders with the shogunate to rule Japan. Imperial emperor resided in Kyoto. Long period of peace and stability. 10. bakufu – “tent goverment”; coalition of powerful families working with the shogun
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and the elders of Japan; many people rule together. 11. domains – Japan divided into 250 domains, run by powerful families on the local level 12. Edo (Tokyo) – capital moves here after the economic boom. Sugar, sake (rice wine), banking flourished, money became solid form of exchange for goods. 13. guilds – early forms of trade unions; prohibited unwanted competition, set fair prices 14. agrarian – farms, rural, rice and cotton widely grown VILLAGE LIFE: farms, merchants, and artisans flourished. Four main classes of people: Samurai, Artisans, Merchants, Peasants. The outcasts, not even considered a class, the eta—discriminated against, required to live separate from everyone else in Japan; different hairstyle and different dress. 15. Patriarchal – man is head of household 16. primogeniture – eldest son inherits land, property, etc. 17. Confucian maxims (pg. 463) – a hierarchy of respect for elders
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world civ 2 - JAPAN 1 Feudal system a number of lords and...

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