GlossaryHistory 1493/Exam 1Alger, Horatio (1832 - 1898):Author of 119 novels which were based on the rags-to-riches idea. Among Alger's books are The Cash Boy, Driven From Home, The Errand Boy, A Fancy of Hers, Street Life in New York(or Ragged Dick), and Winning Out by Pluck, all available on line in case you would like to sample a style of books that appealed to and inspired youth a hundred years ago. These stories represent the ideal that hard work and good character will lead to financial success. These books became the ideal for middle-class Americans and were seen as the way out of poverty.American Federation of Labor:Federation of craft unions founded in 1881 by Samuel Gompers which broke with the Knights of Labor in 1886 and which organized skilled workers only and avoided political reforms while emphasizing immediate, realizable "bread and butter" goals such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions. Gompers rejected socialism, instead wanting to protectskilled workers from the excesses of capitalists."Atlanta Compromise":Speech delivered by Booker T. Washington at the Atlanta Exposition of 1895 in which he laid out a policy of accommodation suggesting that blacks should focus first on self-development and economic independence but not on immediate access to the vote, civil rights, and socialequality with whites all of which would come later. Washington (born a slave and raised in the South) argued against Negroes being dependent on whites or the federal government for their well-being. It also represents one of two main strains of thought within the black community, one calling for complete equality and full participation now (as expressed by W.E.B. DuBois, from Massachusetts) and one calling for black pride and self-development.