1.FINAL STUDY QUES - Philosophy 10 History of Ancient...

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Philosophy 10: History of Ancient Philosophy Fall 07 Thursday, December13, 8:00am-10:00am SE2 1306 Study Questions for the Final Examination In what way are Plato’s and Aristotle’s metaphysical theories similar? State and thoroughly explain two of Aristotle’s criticisms of Plato’s theory of Forms. logical realist = believes in individuals and kinds(properties, attributes. Universal) explain what individual means to p and a. for p it’s form. For a, its primary substances. Plato: partic. Form Aris: Prim. Substances secondary substance, quantity, quality, relation Aristotle can’t understand how two things that don’t interact determine what everything is like here. Also, Plato doesn’t say much of it.(part of his criticism) Plato’s and Aristotle’s metaphysical theories are similar in that both are Logical Realists, unlike Nominalists, who believes that only individuals exists. P and A believe that individuals and kinds (independent of us) exist. To Plato, the kinds are substances and attributes. To Aristotle, the kinds are forms, which are ideal structures or characteristics. Aristotle’s first criticism begins with the idea of separability. Plato believes that forms are separate from the particulars that share in them. He believes that forms are in a separate world, the intelligible world, whereas particulars are in a Physical world. (The divided line) Aristotle argues that if forms are separate from physical objects, then forms can’t cause physical objects. If forms cause physical objects, they must be in physical objects. The second criticism has to do with the relationship of individuals and kinds. Plato’s explanation isn’t good enough. P’s idea of particular and form. Aristotle says that that “sharing” is just a metaphor. The “is” is a set of metaphor. Resemblance. Table resemble the form of a table. Particular resembles form. A says there’s a problem with this. If you have a picture of a table and a real table, they both share the form. If it is resemblence, how can completely two different object share form. Briefly sketch Aristotle’s metaphysics including his theory of substance, with examples of members of each category. State his distinction between primary and secondary substance and provide examples of each. Explain the two main differences between primary substance and all other categories. Sketch:
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHIL 10 taught by Professor Santas during the Fall '07 term at UC Irvine.

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1.FINAL STUDY QUES - Philosophy 10 History of Ancient...

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