Note 1Crito - Hence Socrates should obey the law that...

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P10F07Handout Socrates’ Two Arguments in the Crito The Argument from Harm: 1. If S were to escape, he would be disobeying the law “which orders that judgments of the courts shall be carried out. 2. If this law is disobeyed in general by private individuals, the verdicts of the courts of the city would be “nullified” and the city would be destroyed. 3. Hence, if S were to escape, he would be destroying the city and harming its citizens in so far as it is in his power. 4. But one should never do injustice or harm to anyone, not even in return for injustice or harm done to one. 5. Hence, S should not escape. The Argument from Just Agreements: 1. S agreed to obey the laws of his city, Athens, or to persuade it “as to the nature of justice.” 2. This agreement is just both (a) procedurally, and (b) in content. 3. S tried to persuade the court that he was not guilty and his sentence unjust, but he failed. 4. One should abide by one’s agreements provided that they are just (procedurally and in content). 5.
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Unformatted text preview: Hence, Socrates should obey the law that orders that verdicts of the courts should be carried out, and not escape. The Argument by Analogy that S’ Agreement [Persuade or Obey] is Just in Content: 1. As parents make possible the birth, nurture, and education of their children, so cities through their laws make possible the (legitimate) birth, nurture and education of their citizens. 2. The just relation between children and parents is for children to obey their parents or to persuade them otherwise. 3. Hence, similarly, the just relation between citizens and their city’s laws is to obey them or persuade them otherwise. The Argument that S’s Agreement is Just Procedurally: 1. S lived in Athens all his life, knew what its laws were, had opportunities to change them but never tried to do so. 2. S was allowed to leave Athens with his family and belongings but never did so. 3. Hence, S agreed to obey the laws or persuade them otherwise freely and with full information....
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