Note 2Plato Republic

Note 2Plato Republic - P10F07 Lecture on the Republic...

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P10F07 Lecture on the Republic Outline Santas I. The main questions of the Rep. pp.39-40): 1. What is justice? 2. Are we better off or happier being just rather than unjust? 3. What is better for us? 4. What is happiness? Later, in Bks V and VI, we shall find two other main questions: 5. Can justice ever be realized, and if so how? 6.Can justice really be known, and if so how? 2. In R 354 (p.40) Socrates (S) suggests that unless we know what justice is can hardly know whether we are better off or happier being just rather than unjust. For similar reasons, 3 and 4 are prior to 2; and for Plato 3 is prior to Q4. We shall suppose that Plato proceeds accordingly. 3. Systematic answers to these questions are choice guiding ethical theories of the good, the right, and relations between the good and the right, since justice falls under the concept of the right, and happiness under the good. So answers to these main questions are partial answers to the question, What should I do? Plato sometimes states this
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Note 2Plato Republic - P10F07 Lecture on the Republic...

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