Midterm Philos

Midterm Philos - Philosophy 10: History of Ancient...

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Philosophy 10: History of Ancient Philosophy Fall 2007 Professor: Jerry Santas T.A.: Hera Arsen Study Questions for the Mid-Term Examination The questions on the Mid-Term will be taken from the following list. 1. Explain the Milesian view of change. What is the problem with this view? Explain Heraclitus’ solution. Explain Parmenides’ solution. -Milesian’s view of change: Things change but stay the came -The problem is “How can a thing change without losing its identity? If it remains the same, it does not change, yet it loses its identity. Then it is no longer that thing which has changed.” -Heraclitus responded by saying that there are no changes, only just events and processes. -Parmenides believed that a) being is one (everything in the world is connected) and b) being is changeless (Only one thing in the world/No change in the world). He believed that being is the plenum exists and that not-being is not (no void exist). So, change is possible if non-being exists. Therefore, since being is one, (no void), change is not possible. 2. Explain how Zeno attacks the opponents of Parmenides who claim that there are many things. Is Zeno’s argument sound? Explain why or why not. Instead of using Parmenides’ thesis that being is one, Zeno supports a thesis that there are many things. And since there are many things, they are exactly as many as they are and neither less nor more. Therefore, they are finite. And there has to be a third thing that separates the two finite items. If there are other things between any two things that are, then the number of things are infinite. Therefore, the number of things that are is finite and infinite. This argument is not sound because things can’t be finite and infinite at the same time. 3. State the two central theses of the Atomists. Explain how these theses are supposed to account for change and coming to be, while they also preserve some basic aspects of the Parmenidian account of what is and what is not. To begin with, the Atomists agreed with the Parmenidian account that change/plurality is possible only if nonbeing is. However, the atomist believed that change is possible. Therefore, non-being exists. To the atomists, the non-being meant the void. Their two theses were that the void and atoms exists. To the atomists, the change that was possible was the change of motion since it is least bothered by the “problem of change.” 4. Explain Socrates’ method for making choices. State the general principles that Socrates
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHIL 10 taught by Professor Santas during the Fall '07 term at UC Irvine.

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Midterm Philos - Philosophy 10: History of Ancient...

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