Note 4Plato Response to What is Justice (omit)

Note 4Plato Response to What is Justice (omit) - P4W06L5...

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P4W06L5 Outline of Lecture 5 Santas Plato's answer to the Q, What is justice? I.1. P divides this question into two: What is a just city- state? and What is a just person? Page 55 Out of all the things that can be just (or unjust), apparently Plato thinks these two are the most important. But once we divide the question in this way, we have to ask how these two important cases of justice are related to each other, so that we can have a coherent and unified theory of justice. 2.Three possible ways to relate just city-state and just person: 1. Define a just person first, and then define a just city- state as one composed of just persons. 2. Define a just city-state first, and then define a just person as one who subscribes to the principles by which a city-state is just. 3. Define a just city-state first, and then define a just person as one whose soul is structurally similar, or isomorphic to the just city-state. This is Plato's way. Notice that the first two ways ensure a unified theory, But the third does not. II. Plato's method for discovering what is a just city-state. 1. Plato does not use T's or G's methods. Instead, he uses a procedure suggested by his theory of Function and Virtue. Notice that the theory is now used to discover what justice is; unlike the use of the theory in Bk. I to prove the benefits of justice before discovering what justice is. Apparently, the theory can be used for both purposes, but now it is used in the correct order of investigation. 2. Review: The theory of Function and Virtue:
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHIL 10 taught by Professor Santas during the Fall '07 term at UC Irvine.

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Note 4Plato Response to What is Justice (omit) - P4W06L5...

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