Lecture 2 - Origins of Sociology, sociological perspective, key ideas and theories

Lecture 2 - Origins of Sociology, sociological perspective, key ideas and theories

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Unformatted text preview: Defining Sociology ....the scientific study of society and human behavior. 0. THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE FOCUSES ATTENTION ON THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL FORCES 1. THE SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION IS AN IMPORTANT TOOL IN GRASPING THE IMPACT THAT SOCIAL FORCES CAN HAVE ON OUR OWN LIVES GET OUT OF THE SIMPLE ANSWER MODE! A Few Simple Questions 1) Why do many women, on average, still only make less then a man makes for same work? 2) Why is there so much disdain for and interest in changing the current welfare system? 3) Why cant we seem to get a handle on the crime and violence problems in america? 4) Why does race continue to play such an important role in group relations in america? 5) Why dont we see more social movements like we did in the 1960s? The Sociological Perspective 0. Being bound to private orbits 0. visions limited; feelings of powerlessness 1. explanations remain personal and within individualized social circles 1. Begin making the connection between society and the individual 2. facts of history are also facts of individual men and women 3. Mills said making this connection was the sociological imagination 2. Any understanding of personal or social history must take into account both of these life-forces. The Sociological Perspective 2. The sociological perspective - opens a window onto unfamiliar worlds, and offers a fresh look at familiar worlds. 3. It enables one to gain a new vision of social life. 4. It examines how group membership influences behavior 5. It links small( micro) and large ( macro) The Sociological Perspective 0. This perspective allows us to examine society - a group of people who share a culture and a territory. 1. Social location allows sociologists to understand behavior by examining the location in which they belong. 2. Our view of the world is a result of our exposure to different groups. Examples of Understanding by way of the Sociological Imagination 0. UNEMPLOYMENT 0. 1 person out of 100,000 (personal reasons) 1. but....15 million!!! (social forces) 0. WAR 0. 1 person looks to survive (personal reasons) 0. unorganized nation states collapse (social forces) 1. DIVORCE 1. 1 divorce (personal reasons) 2. 6 out of 10 marriages (social forces) THE BOTTOM-LINE What we experience in various personal and social spheres is often caused by structural changes!...
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Lecture 2 - Origins of Sociology, sociological perspective, key ideas and theories

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