Lecture 3 - Culture

Lecture 3 - Culture - UNDERSTANDING CULTURE SELECTED...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: UNDERSTANDING CULTURE SELECTED TOPICS: 0. TYPES OF CULTURE 1. ELEMENTS OF CULTURE 2. ETHNOCENTRISM 3. CULTURAL RELATIVISM UNDERSTANDING CULTURE SELECTED TOPICS: 4. SUB- & COUNTERCULTURES 5. SOCIAL CONTROL 6. IDEAL AND REAL CULTURE 7. CULTURE CHANGE CULTURE SHOCK TRAVELING TO A NEW AND DIFFERENT LOCATION CAN CAUSE SOME PEOPLE TO EXPERIENCE SEVERE, PERSONAL DISORIENTATION, OFTEN REFERRED TO AS.... CULTURE KINDS OF CULTURE: 0. 1) MATERIAL CULTURE 0. ALL THE TANGIBLE PRODUCTS OF A SOCIETY 1. EXAMPLES: HOUSING, AIRCRAFT, CLOTHING, ETC. 1. 2) NONMATERIAL CULTURE 2. ALL THE INTANGIBLE PRODUCTS OF A SOCIETY 3. EXAMPLES: LAWS AND PUNISHMENTS, IDEAS, VALUES, BELIEF SYSTEMS, NORMS, ATTITUDES THE ELEMENTS OF CULTURE: ELEMENTS OF CONSTRAINT OR FREEDOM? 0. SYMBOLS 1. GESTURES 2. LANGUAGE 3. VALUES AND BELIEFS 4. SOCIAL NORMS SYMBOLS GESTURES USING ONES BODY TO COMMUNICATE 0. GESTURES ARE CULTURE SPECIFIC 1. WE KNOW WHAT THE ABOVE GESTURES INDICATE BECAUSE OUR CULTURE TEACHES US TO APPLY CERTAIN MEANINGS TO THEM..BUT WHAT ABOUT A STRANGER? LANGUAGE LANGUAGE ALLOWS CULTURAL TRANSMISSION OR THE PASSING ON OF CULTURE OVER GENERATIONS. LANGUAGE PROVIDES A PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE. LANGUAGE ALLOWS FOR UNDERSTANDING. LANGUAGE ALLOWS GOAL-ORIENTED BEHAVIOR. OTHER POINTS ON INTEREST: VALUES & BELIEFS SOCIAL NORMS 0. TYPES OF NORMS : 0. PROSCRIPTIVE (WHAT NOT TO DO!) 1. PRESCRIPTIVE (WHAT TO DO!) 1. OTHER WAYS TO BREAK DOWN NORMS : 2. MORES (OF GREAT MORAL SIGNIFICANCE) 3. FOLKWAYS (OF LITTLE MORAL SIGNIFICANCE) 4. TABOOS (VIOLATIONS WHICH ARE HORRIFIC) ETHNOCENTRISM: THE TENDENCY TO JUDGE OTHER CULTURES BY THE STANDARDS OF ONES OWN CULTURE SOCIAL CONTROL 2. SOCIAL CONTROL - MEANS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF SOCIETY ENCOURAGE CONFORMITY TO NORMS. SOCIAL CONTROL UPON US 0. THE ROLE OF SOCIAL SANCTIONS: 5. POSITIVE SANCTIONS (REWARDS) 6. NEGATIVE SANCTIONS (PUNISHMENTS) 7. FORMAL AND INFORMAL AS WELL 1. HOW DO WE KNOW THAT SOCIAL CONTROL IS IN EFFECT? 8. GUILT (PERSONALIZED DISCOMFORT) 9. SHAME (PUBLIC DISAPPROVAL) 10.DEGRADATION CEREMONIES SOCIAL CONTROL: HOW IT IS CARRIED OUT? IN A DIVERSE CULTURE.... IN A DIVERSE CULTURE.... THERE WILL BE DIFFERENCES IN DEGREES OF ACCEPTANCE AND CONFORMITY WITH WIDER HELD NOTIONS 2. SUBCULTURES 11.groups whose members are different enough to set themselves apart from the wider society 12.not necessarily bad, but just different 13.clubs, youth groups, bodybuilders, etc. IN A DIVERSE CULTURE.......
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Dontremember during the Fall '08 term at UC Irvine.

Page1 / 12

Lecture 3 - Culture - UNDERSTANDING CULTURE SELECTED...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online