Final Exam Notes

Final Exam Notes - LECTURE #13 WEEK #7 - 2/19/08, TUESDAY...

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LECTURE #13 – WEEK #7 - 2/19/08, TUESDAY A) Big Band Era – took off in 1930s: -Louie Armstrong’s band is still going strong – but he is switching gears now -Classis Jazz – important characteristic is collective improvisation -All musical styles will overlap B) Great Depression (1939): -Performing of these bands occurring during Great Depressions (1939) -Really horrific time in the country – A lot of people don’t have jobs -Not a good time for America economically -The Stock Market Crashed -A lot of people are depressed – no one knew where the country was going -People were looking for ways to distract themselves from everyday life -The music they created is music that will make you HAPPY and can tap your feet too – makes you feel better when people were depressed -A lot of people played at CLUBS and heard over the radio – most of America could hear this music! C) IN THE EARLY 1930s: -Clubs started to expand – however clubs were very small -East Coast (New York City – takes place here!!! Big Band Era) -Music was for entertainment purposes -When you have a space that is large, (a large club) you need a LARGE band so they could be heard -The ensemble transitions from 6-7 people to 20 + people! -Swing band era explodes this music and brings it to America as a whole! -all America is listening and dancing to this music – this is when Jazz becomes acceptable to the country -IN THE PAST, jazz was considered defamatory music because it was played by BLACK people (people of a lower class) -When white people started to play the music, White people started to look at it differently and tried to listen to it. -However, America was not ready for Jazz- but wanted NEW MUSIC. -This takes us into the Swing Era. D) Big Band Leaders and their Arrangers: 1) Fletcher Henderson (1897-1952) – Pianist (also for Bessie Smith) -very smart, creative, best musician on the scene -Formed one of the 1 st big band ensemble -He starts to expand the palette of sound – experiment with sound -when you have ensemble with 13 people, it would be hard for everyone to play at the same time. -Collective improvisation is of Classic Jazz [Louie Armstrong can’t fit this style – moving forward into the next decade of style (soloing)] -1 st class disaster of having a large band -arranged an all black band D-1) Arranger: -So because of this, all bands need an arranger (a partnership) – who writes an actual written piece of the band to play (even the solo) he writes the music on the chart (piece of paper – score) -So ORAL music is not longer ORAL, but is now written down (like RAGTIME) -Soloists have opportunity to play (just a little bit here and there) -People were not used to playing reading the music – they were used to the ORAL tradition of African music – all improvisation -Now all music is written down – anyone can play it now! -
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Final Exam Notes - LECTURE #13 WEEK #7 - 2/19/08, TUESDAY...

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