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AbnormalPsychologyHW - Briana Marquez Professor Worthy...

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Briana Marquez Professor Worthy Abnormal Psychology March 12, 2016 Homework (Ch. 7-9) Identify the major clusters of symptoms used in diagnosing acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Give an example of each. ASD and PTSD symptoms include intrusive reexperiencing for some survivors, persistent avoidance, increased arousal or reactivity, negative mood or thought and dissociative symptoms. Some ASD and PTSD experience intrusive reexperiencing. They experience this through dreams or flashbacks that is at full emotional intensity. This usually leads one to act in an unusual behavior or as if they were at the scene they remember at the time. This usually only last for a short duration. An example is if a war veteran has a bad dream about war he may wake up and run under the bed in order to escape or hide. In avoidance, those with PTSD and ASD often try to avoid anything that will make them think about an event that brings about bad feelings or thoughts. An example is if a person got hit by a car and so now they avoid any kind of vehicle to escape the thought or feeling of thinking they might get hurt again. Increased arousal or reactivity may make someone’s behavior exaggerated. An example is if someone gets very startled by someone else’s cough. Someone with PTSD or ASD may not want to be around people. They may have negative thoughts and moods where they cannot feel happy they only feel angry, sad or guilt. They often blame themselves for whatever trauma they experienced. Lastly, dissociative symptoms are symptoms that make one seem “spaced out”. It is when a person feels cut off from everyone around them and in their environment. Discuss cognitive behavior therapy methods used to treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive behavior therapy methods used to treat PTSD is therapeutic reexposure to trauma. Prolonged exposure is one of method that works, where a victim is asked to relive the trauma repeatedly over a couple of sessions in order to slowly reduce the PTSD symptoms. Other alternatives are relaxation, stress management, supportive counseling and a wait list control group. Imagery rehearsal therapy is another method where one relives their nightmares while awake but then they rewrite the nightmare in any way that the wish. Prolonged exposure is the most strongly supported treatment for PTSD. Describe the association between antisocial personality disorder and somatic symptom disorder. While these two disorders are similar in nature they can be different and can be found in different people. Antisocial personality disorder is often found in men while somatic symptom disorder is often found in women. Antisocial personality disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by disregard for other people. Their symptoms may begin to show up in
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childhood. Somatic symptom disorder is when one focused on physical symptoms to the point
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