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ANR 201 Padilla - Exam 1 Terms on the test

ANR 201 Padilla - Exam 1 Terms on the test - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1  anthropology  The study of humankind in all times and places.  applied   anthropology  The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical  problems, often for a specific client.   archaeology  The study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material  remains and environmental data.  biocultural  Focusing on the interaction of biology and culture.  cultural   anthropology   Also known as social or sociocultural anthropology. The study of  customary patterns in human behavior, thought, and feelings. It focuses on humans as culture- producing and culture-reproducing creatures.  cultural   resource   management   (CRM)   A branch of archaeology tied to government policies for  the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and/or excavating archaeological  and historical remains threatened by construction or development.  culture-bond  Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of  one’s own culture.  empirical  Based on observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith.  ethnography  A detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork.  ethnology  The study and analysis of different cultures from a comparative or historical point of  view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain  why certain important differences or similarities occur among groups.  fieldwork  The term anthropologists use for on-location research.  forensic   anthropology  Applied subfield of physical anthropology that specializes in the  identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes. globalization Worldwide  interconnectedness, evidenced in global movements of natural resources, trade goods, human  labor, finance capital, information, and infectious diseases.
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holistic   perspective  A fundamental principle of anthropology: that the various parts of human  culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their  interconnections and interdependence.  infrastructure  The economic foundation of a society, including its subsistence practices and  the tools and other material equipment used to make a living.  linguistic   anthropology  The study of human languages, looking at each language’s structure,  history, and/or its relation to social and cultural contexts. molecular anthropology A branch of  biological anthropology that uses genetic and biochemical techniques to test hypotheses about  human evolution, adaptation, and variation.
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