Asian History second test revised

Asian History second test revised - Discuss the medieval...

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Discuss the medieval history of South India : The southern part of India was protected from invasion by the Deccan plateau. Southern India’s separation from the rest of India meant that evolution of the indigenous Indian people could progress undisturbed. It was made up of small states whose political divides would occasionally lead to warfare among them. o Pandya (700-1000 AD) o Pallava (700-1000 AD) Both the pandyas and the pallavas were known for their intricate temples. o Chola (1000-1200 AD) – Tamil based. They were the dominant power in Southern India and absorbed much of the Pandya kingdom. o Vijayanagara (1200-1350) – took over the remnants of the other existing states. The founders of Vijayanagara organized to resist the Delhi sultanate’s invasions southward and the pressures of Islam. Many of their urban areas were centered around great, which shows us that they were wealthier than the north because they were supported by trade and productive agriculture. These funds allowed them to create the huge and detailed temples. Much of the power of south India would come from its extensive maritime trade and naval power. These allowed the Cholas to conquer most of the southern peninsula. Societies were more matriarchal. The women in the south had more rights and were treated better than they were in the north. Often they ran the markets and even participated in political discussions. Discuss the Delhi Sultanate: its rise, accomplishments and demise : 1200-1500- The Delhi sultanate was one of the first long term Turkish settlements in India. The Ghazni Turks had invaded and taken control of northern India. They made raids into the Deccan plateau, but never made it past. They did not like Hindu people, so when they were in power they treated Hindus as second class people. They had just converted to Islam, and so were completely intolerant of idolatry. They destroyed Hindu and Buddhist temples and tried to completely eradicate Indian culture. o The Turks pretty much wiped out Buddhism in India. Accomplishments o They brought with them the idea of mameluke armies that were basically slave armies.
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They would buy or kidnap young boys and train them their entire lives. They became a very disciplined and effective fighting group. The Turkish rulers were often murdered by others just because they wanted power. o they implemented a 50% tax on all agriculture and also implemented a head tax called the Jizya, which taxed 4.6 % per head in your household if you refused to convert to Islam. Demise o The fall of the empire came for several reasons one factor was the hostility from the Hindu majority o Another reason was the fighting within their own ranks, wasted efforts to conquer the Deccan Plateau, and large plundering raids by other Turks. Discuss the arrival of Islam in South Asia
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Sherrard during the Spring '08 term at Creighton.

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Asian History second test revised - Discuss the medieval...

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