Asian History Third test

Asian History Third test - Two questions will be selected...

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Two questions will be selected by the instructor from these four ( 20 points each ): Discuss the prehistoric period of Japanese history : Japan is made up of four large islands and some small very rocky island chains to both the north and the south. Since it is an island and very hard to get to, traces of man are not found until around 10,000 B.C. o This is around the same time that we can find the Native Americans arrived in North America and much later than we find man in continental Asia. The Ainu were the first people to arrive in Japan. o They were able to get there because the ice age had lowered the sea levels between 4 and 6 hundred feet. o They were of a Caucasian decent. o There are very few Ainu decedents and they have intermarried and are almost indistinguishable from the rest of the people. Around 10,000-250 B.C. the Jomon people populated the Japanese continent. Japan is mostly mountains so the Jomon were hunter gatherers and not agriculturally based. o They followed animal herds that they hunted for food. o There are many remnants of clay pots that they made have used as containers for many things. o There is some evidence that women were treated well and could even have held jobs as priestesses. Around 250 B.C. to 300 A.D. Japan begins to be invaded by people from continental Asia. o From these invaders they adopt a more male oriented society and turn from hunter/gatherer into an agricultural society. o The climate is similar to that of the U.S.A east coast and moderate enough to allow for good crop yields on the small amount of flat land. o Later they would terrace land for more space. o Invaders would also bring new ideas like metallurgy to Japan. o During this era we also see the formation of what would become dominant clans in Japan. o Shinto is the main belief system. o Around 500 A.D. we begin to see Japan develop a polysyllabic script. Discuss the Heian culture and era in Japanese history : The capital of Heian, later called Kyoto, quickly became the center of Japanese Culture. (794-1185 A.D.) o The areas around Tokyo and the north would become the more agricultural areas of Japan. The Heian court would become much more refined, centering on intellectual and aesthetic self-cultivation. o The life style for the upper class was an exaggerated version of the Chinese lifestyle where the nobles played little role in the government and instead wrote poems, and spent large amounts of time perfecting their manners.
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o In 857 AD, the Fujiwara would marry into the royal family and took most of the high court positions. o The emperor also became more of a figurehead role during this time period than he had been in the past. The Japanese script, or Kana, was perfected during this time.
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Sherrard during the Spring '08 term at Creighton.

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Asian History Third test - Two questions will be selected...

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