9/1/15 The History of Family The Family: Think about your family no such thing as a traditional family Sidenote: traditional families in past centuries involved stepparents, due to high death rates. What is family? Research/Data: From the US Census Bureau Family: a group of related people living together Household: persons who live in a housing unit Sociological: “The family deals with reproduction and care and support for children and adults” Groups of people who care for each other Less focused on just reproduction than in the past Historical: Love as a requirement for marriage is a more recent development marrying for love, a norm in the US, since 1900’s less of a social contract now than in the past high % of people who say they want to marry for love (not 100%) preindustrial families, love & commitment were unrelated Roles of children have changed preindustrial children were producers, had a lot of kids transformed to be economic dependents over time raising children has become extremely expensive over time rates of childbirth have decreased more attentive parents Function of families have changed from public to private no longer have contract for production as part of society Gender roles multiple times of change women historically worked outside the home, very short period of time in which women didn’t work 1950’s was an extreme version of gender roles, very reversed and extreme Every generation is the worst: People are always complaining about each generation Millennials no trophies for quitters
Bye Bye Birdie set in 1958, based on outrage over Elvis 1950’s Many men were suffering from PTSD from war no treatment or recognition Being a breadwinner may have been a burden Women were viewed as secondary Domestic violence was very high considered acceptable Depression amongst women was very high yet women reported being happy also wanted their daughters to have more options than they did Unideal families were chastised rape legal against wives and single nonvirgins Changes higher age at marriage 2010: 27W & 28.5M in 1950’s both women and men were marrying very young possible bc of economic boom marriage ages today are closer to 1890 than 1950’s Marriage increased # of ppl who delay marriage people live longer periods of their live unmarried bc of longer lifespans marriage at older ages is associated with higher rate of nonmarital births & nonmarital cohabitations. Age at first marriage is generally higher in states in NE and lower in states in MidWest, W and S than the national avg. 9/3/15 People less likely to get divorced when married b/w 2932 Problems we have today: Less institutional support for current family structure no maternity/paternity leave stress of kids + work most families need both parents working so hard to have & care for kids Expectations for marriage partners must help us “selfactualize”
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 44 pages?
- Spring '08