HDF304 - TheHistoryofFamily TheFamily Sidenote:,duetohighdeathrates Whatisfamily Research\/Data Family:

HDF304 - TheHistoryofFamily TheFamily...

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9/1/15 The History of Family The Family: Think about your family ­ no such thing as a traditional family Sidenote: traditional families in past centuries involved stepparents, due to high death rates. What is family? Research/Data: ­ From the US Census Bureau ­ Family: a group of related people living together ­ Household: persons who live in a housing unit Sociological: ­ “The family deals with reproduction and care and support for children and adults” ­ Groups of people who care for each other ­ Less focused on just reproduction than in the past Historical: ­ Love as a requirement for marriage is a more recent development ­ marrying for love, a norm in the US, since 1900’s ­ less of a social contract now than in the past ­ high % of people who say they want to marry for love (not 100%) ­ pre­industrial families, love & commitment were unrelated ­ Roles of children have changed ­ pre­industrial children were producers, had a lot of kids ­ transformed to be economic dependents over time ­ raising children has become extremely expensive over time ­ rates of childbirth have decreased ­ more attentive parents ­ Function of families have changed ­ from public to private ­ no longer have contract for production as part of society ­ Gender roles ­ multiple times of change ­ women historically worked outside the home, very short period of time in which women didn’t work ­ 1950’s was an extreme version of gender roles, very reversed and extreme Every generation is the worst: ­ People are always complaining about each generation ­ Millennials ­ no trophies for quitters
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­ Bye Bye Birdie ­ set in 1958, based on outrage over Elvis 1950’s ­ Many men were suffering from PTSD from war ­ no treatment or recognition ­ Being a breadwinner may have been a burden ­ Women were viewed as secondary ­ Domestic violence was very high ­ considered acceptable ­ Depression amongst women was very high ­ yet women reported being happy ­ also wanted their daughters to have more options than they did ­ Un­ideal families were chastised ­ rape legal against wives and single non­virgins Changes ­ higher age at marriage ­ 2010: 27W & 28.5M ­ in 1950’s both women and men were marrying very young ­ possible bc of economic boom ­ marriage ages today are closer to 1890 than 1950’s Marriage ­ increased # of ppl who delay marriage ­ people live longer periods of their live unmarried bc of longer lifespans ­ marriage at older ages is associated with higher rate of nonmarital births & non­marital cohabitations. ­ Age at first marriage is generally higher in states in NE and lower in states in MidWest, W and S than the national avg. 9/3/15 People less likely to get divorced when married b/w 29­32 Problems we have today: ­ Less institutional support for current family structure ­ no maternity/paternity leave ­ stress of kids + work ­ most families need both parents working so hard to have & care for kids ­ Expectations for marriage ­ partners must help us “self­actualize” ­
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