Moral Development Final - 1 Kohlbergs Moral Development 2...

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1 Kohlberg’s Moral Development
2 Kohlberg’s Moral Development The study of moral development within the field of psychology began with research completed by Jean Piaget. Piaget theorized that moral development involves the process of a learning to disseminate right from wrong. For a child, interpersonal relationships with family primarily influence moral development and reasoning. Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, which was derived from studies completed at Harvard University in, is one of the most widely-known and referred to theories on the subject. Although Kohlberg’s theory of moral development has much strength, there exist limitations in his work. Many critics of Kohlberg’s theory argue that the use of only male research participants resulted in gender specific results. One of the most salient critics of Kohlberg, his former research assistant, Carol Gilligan, argued that Kohlbergs theory of moral development did not account for gender-based differences. Theory of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory; He believed that individuals progressed in their moral reasoning through a series of stages (Barger, Ph.D., 2000). Kohlberg believed there were six stages. The first level known as the pre-conventional level was generally found within the elementary school stage (Boundless, n.d). The second level of moral thinking was the conventional level, generally found in society. An individual's sense of morality is tied to personal and societal relationships (Boundless, n.d). The third level of moral thinking is one that Kohlberg felt is not reached by the majority of adults, known has the post-conventional level. A person's sense of morality is defined in terms of more abstract principles and values (Boundless, n.d).
3 Each stage according to Kohlberg could only be completed one step at a time; this was because of the fact that each stage had significant meaning and lessons to be learned. Kohlberg’s Theory Contributions Kohlberg’s theory of moral development has been one of the most influential theories in developmental psychology. The three levels of reasoning have become major contributions in how moral judgment is viewed today. Although there is no evidence that we experience all levels and stages that Kohlberg presented, the order appears constant and universal. Kohlberg also

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