Paradise Lost - Book 1 - The Argument Notes

Paradise Lost - Book 1 - The Argument Notes - / Paradise...

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Unformatted text preview: / Paradise Lost BOOK 1 THE ARGUMENT This first Book proposes, first in brief, the whole Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac‘t: Then touches the prime cause ofhis fall, the Serpent, or rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from God, and drawing to his side many Legions ofAngels, was by the command of God driven out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. Which action past over, the Poem hasts into the mifl ot‘things. presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell. describ‘d here, not in the Center (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst) but in a place of utter darkness, fitliest call'd Chaos: Herc Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisht, after a certain space recovers. as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer ofthir miserable fall. Satan awakens all his Legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded; They rise, thir Numbers, array of Battel. thir chief Leaders nam'd, according to the ldols known afterwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoyning. To these Satan directs his Speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them lastly ofa new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie or report in Heaven; for that Angels were long before this visible Creation. was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the truth ofthis Prophesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full Councel. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemgnigm the Palace of Satan rises, suddenly built out ofthe Deep: The infernal Peers there sit in Councel. That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert Eternal Providence, | 25 | And justilie the waycs ol'God to men. W Say first, for l-leav'n hides nothing from thy View Nor the deep Tract of Hell. say first what cause Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, N»- Favour'd of Heav‘n so highly, to fall off [ 30 ] From thir Creator, and transgrcss his Will M For one restraint, [Linigguhgmrltl besides? My.” ' “WWII—Wm"? “’44) Th' inferna erpent; he it was, whose ggil; Stird up with Envy and Revenge,de§g1v'd l 35 J The Mother of Mankind. what time his Pflc Had cast him out from Heav'n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring To set himselfin Glory above his Peers. ‘ He trusted to have equal‘d the most High, | 40 ] If he oppos'd; and with ambitious aim Against the Throne and Monarchy ol‘God Rais'd im_p_i_o_us War in Heav'n and Battel proud With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurld headlongl l‘lamjiig front th' Ethereal Skic | 45 ] With hideous mine and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell ln Adamagtjge Chains and penal l-‘irc. Who durst defie th‘ Omnipotent to Arms. Em times tlieflage that measures Day and Night i .‘U I To mortal men, he with his horrid crew. mm untidy}, Lay vanqursht, rowltng in the fiery (iulte ,\. . m r, Confounded th0ugh immortal: But his doom Md'ml m+em / Reserv'd him to more wrath: for now the thought W'hlu NA mg Both of lost happiness and lasting pain | 55 I Torments him; round he throws his baleful eyes That witness'd huge amiction and dismay “wage “W Mingith obdurate pride and stcdfast hate: 5 At once as far as Angels kcnn he views The dismal Situation waste and wildc. [ 60 ] A Dungeon horrible. on all sides round As one great Furnace nam'd, yet from those flames OF Mans First Disobedience. and the Fruit Mumaronte ,9No light, but rather darkness visible Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast H * flaw Serv'd onely to discover sights of woe, Brought Death into the World. and all our W08. ‘0“ n 0 Regions of sorrow. doleful shades. whcrc peace I 65 I With loss ofEden, till one grcgtcrngm Restore us, and regain the blissful Scat, [ 5 ] Sing mav'nly M u_sg,that on the secret top OfQLch, or of Sinai, didst inspire That Shepherd, who first taught the (Ili'thdlLSpgd, in the Beginning how the Heav’ns and Earth Rose out ol‘Chaos: Or ifflofln Hill [ lO] Delight thee more. and Siloa‘s Brook that flow'd Fast by the Oracle of God; i thence Invoke thy aid to my advcntrous Song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues [ 15 ] Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhimc. And chiefly Thou 0 Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th‘ upright heart and pure, instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread [ 20 ] Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark lllumin, what is low raise and support; And rest can never dwell, hope not L'i LHHIC'v kmwmtshmm} That comes to all; but torture without end n O hopt. Mani I. Still urges. and a fiery Deluge. fed Ouf, but Sh’tlhes input With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum'd: gbhgflhtm Such place Eternal Justice had prepar’d I 70 I For those rebellious, here thir Prison ordain'd ln utter darkness, and thir portion set As far remov'd from God and light of Heav'n As from the Center lltrlcgng'Agimgfij Pole. 0 how unlike the place from whence they fell! [ 75 ] There the companions of his fall, o'rewhclm‘d With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous fire. He soon discems, and weltring by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd [ 80 ] Beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence thus began. LighlglL-beest he;.But 0 how fall'n! how chang'd C] ' Im, who in the happy Realms of Light [ 85 ] 01h d wrth transcendent brightness didst out-shine Myriads though bright: If he Whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize, PA Joynd wrthme once, now misery hathjoynd [ 90 ] rhon‘ In equal rum: into what Pi: thou seest rmw l“ ' From_what highth fall'n, so much the stronger prov‘d He With his Thunder: and till then who knew The force of those dire Arms? yet not for those. an Of force believe Almighty, since no less Then such could hav orepow‘rd such force as ours) I I45 ] Have left us this our Spirit and strength intire Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may so suti‘lce his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right ol’Warr. what e're his business he I 150 | Here in the heart ofl‘lell to work in Fire, Or do his Errands in the gloomy Deep; What can it then avail though yet we feel Strength undiminisht, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment? [ ISS ] gar what the Potent Victor in his rage [95 l a!“ an else inflict, do I repent or change ‘0’“ Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-fiend rcP'Y'd' f’ . a h Though chang'd tn outward lustre; that fact mind fifi‘s alidwoi‘w - b' “only. And high disdain, fiom sence of injur'd merit, wfi‘fv“? Fall'n Qlcrubc. I0 be weak i5 misemb'c 30" fl *6 M bad ‘1’ That with the mightiest rais'd me to contend, V (0“ And to the fierce contention brought along [ 100 ] U, if lnnumerable force of Spirits arm'd That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power oppos'd In dubious Battel on the Plains ofHeav'n, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? [ [05 ] All is not lost; the unconquerable Will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: ‘1‘ And what is else not to be overcome? (flip/<59 Yfi‘y v3", That Glory never shall his wrath or might [ l 10 ] “on-0’ whirls “i. Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace 9“ 3,03; 'JOW? With suppliant knee, and deifie his power. 9‘ L1.” or Who fi'om the terrour of this Arm so late P30”) Doubled his Empire, that were low indeed, That were an ignominy and shame beneath [ l 15 ] ,5 Sign This downfall; since by Fate the strength nigh W" 5rd And this Empyreal substance cannot fail, "\/tpH°{ Since through experience of this great event in Arms not worse, in foresight much advanc't, We may with more successful hope resolve [ l20 ] To wage by force or guile eternal Warr o t‘ lrreconcileable, to oar grand Foe, \ .0} :9 Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy >35!" J90 Sole reigning holds the Tyranny ofHeav'n. ‘ 345‘ 3032,52 f in"5 So spake th' Apostate Angel, though in pain [ 125 ] Vaun‘tijgaloud, but rackt with deep despare: And him thus answer'd soon his bold Compeer. 0 Prince, 0 Chief of many Throned Powers, That led th' imbattelld Seraphim to Warr Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds [ 130 ] Fearless, endangefd Heav'ns perpetual King; And put to proof his high Supremacy, Whether upheld by strength, or Chance, or Fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event, That with sad overthrow and foul dcfeat[ I35 ] Hath lost us Heav'n, and all this mighty Host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and Heav'nly Essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, [ 140] Though all our Glory extinct, and happy state Here swallow‘d up in endless misery. But what if he our Conquerour, (whom l now \ai" sefirhn or” Doing or Suffering: but ol'this be sure, To do ought good never will be our ‘ But ever to do Ill our sole delight, l l60 As being the comma to his high will Whom we resist. lfthen his Providence 6° Qwigg gyil segk to bring forth good, M3155 Our labour must be to that end, *0 op, And out ofgood still to find ntqmsflflyilfl 165 I . 1”" Which ofi tunes may succeed, so as perhaps Shall grjmhim, ifl fail not. and disturb His inmost counsels from thir destind aiin But see the angry Victor hath rccall'd His Ministers ofvcngeance and pursuit [ I70 ] Back to the Gates of l-lcav'n: The Sulphurous lluil Shot after us in storm. oreblown hath laid The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice OfHeav'n receiv'd us falling. and the Thunder. Wing'd with red Lightning and impcluous rage. I IVS ] Perhaps hath spent his shafts. and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn. Or satiate fury yield it from our l-‘oe. Seest thou yon dreary Plain. forlom and \vildc. | till] I The seat ofdcsolation, voyd of light. Save what the glimmering ofthese livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tcnd From offthe tossing ofthese fiery waves There rest, if any rest can harbour there. [ ISS I And reassembling our afflicted Powers. Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our Enemy, our own loss how repair. How overcome this dire Calamity. What reinforcement we may gain from Hope. 1 l9() ] If not what resolution from desparc. Thus Satan talking to his ncercst Mate With Head up—lifl above the wave, and Eyes That sparkling blaz'd, his other Parts besides Prone on the Flood, extended long and large 1 HS ] Lay floating many a mag, in bulk as huge As whom the Fables name of monstrous sine, Titanian, or Earth-bum, that wan’d on Jove, Briarcos or 'l'yphou, whom the Den By ancient Tarsus held, or that Sea-beast [ 200 ] Leviathan which God ofall his works Created hugest that swim th' Ocean stream: Him haply slumbring on the Norway foam / The m t- hou-Hi}. hWi‘M I 0t 0 so".3e mm . Deemng some lslsnmall night-founder’d Skiff; Lye thus astonisht on th' oblivious Pool, in ms H Sh u WI fixed Anchor (L on, as seiHne“ tell. [205 ] And call them not to share with us their par ‘ i M LN ' In his Skaly nnd 1“ this unhappy Mansion, or once more J'Lflmm u Moms by his side under the Lee, while Ni t war 11‘ d Arm to what ma be at Invests the Sea, and Mom delayeségh I ra 1e 5 W Y y 50 stretcht out hu e in length the Arch-fiend lay 331mg on e tinting Lake, not ever thence [ 210 ] A ns n or heav'd his head, but that the will nd high permission of all-ruling Heaven Regaind in Heav'n, or what more lost in Hell? [2 So Satan spake. and him BCClZ_t.‘_bll_l_3 Thus answer'd. Leader of those Armies bright. Which but th' Onmipotent none could have foyld, Lefi hi v i i . i That wflhaggge Rams. own .des'gns’ , ad“ If once they hear that voycc, thir liveliest pledge Heap on if I '3: mm.“ he m.ng 0m» Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft [ 275 ] Evil to mascandagnnatign, gilt: he sought [215 ] 80/ In worst extrcams, and on the perilous edge _ v _ Drag mi t see mp1 3 Of battel when it rag'd. in all assaults l-hi‘ctrw'all his malice serv'd but to bring forth Thir surest signal, they will soon resume "me g 655’ gmce and memy shew" u w New courage and revive. though now they lye On Man by him seduc't, but on himself Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. [ 220 ] Forthwith upright he rears from off the Pool His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames Drivn backward slope thir pointing spires, and rowld ln billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid Vale. Then with expanded wings he stears his flight [ 225 ] Groveling and prostrate on yon Lake of Fire, [ 280 I As we erewhile, astounded and amaz‘d, No wonder, fall'n such a pernicious highth. He scarce had ceas't when the superiour Fiend Was moving toward the shear; his ponderous shield Alofl, insurgent on the dusky Air That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land He lights, if it were Land that ever bum'd With solid, as the Lake with liquid tire; And Such appear'd in hue, as when the force [ 230 ] Of subterranean wind transports a Hill Eiihgrgiiltcnipg'. massy. large and round, [ 285 ] Behind him cast; the broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the Moon. whose Orb “9.)” Through thith tiles; the luscun -\i'll_\i views At Ev'ning from the top ofl bole, q Or in \ ,ildai’no, to descry new Lands, { 290 l L-H do.“ Rivers or Mountains in her spotty Globe. WM” \gw Tom from Pficjim'é‘ or the Shatterd Side His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pinc grahgndr'Pg Limit whose combl'llStlibIe _ chn on Norwegian hills to be the Mast ., n . “WEI emfng therice coi‘ce'v‘"g_F"e' Ol‘some great '\llllIlllel, were but a wand. éubhm i; wuh M'm‘flLlfl-X’ am the wmdS‘ [ 235 ] l-le walkt with to support uneasie steps [ 29$ ] mid leave a singed bonom a” '"“_""d Over the burning \lrirlc, not like those steps With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole On Heavens Azure and the torrid Clime Of unblest feet. Him followed his next Mate, Smme on him sore'besides vaulted with Fire. Bo“: glowing to ‘13.“: scap't the Sabina” “00d \zitlilcss he so endur‘d, tili‘on the Beach ‘ "5 W5- a"d by ‘1‘" 0”“ mm” Strength, i 240 ] arti‘annnmd Sea, he stood and call'dl 300 1 Not by the sufiemnce OfSUPemal Power' His Legions. Angel Forms. who lay intrans't Thick as Autumnal Leaves that strow the Brooks in Yallombrosu. where th' Ltrtiriaiii sliiiilcx High overarch‘t imbowr; or scatterd sedge is this the Region. this the Soil. the Clinic, Said then the lost Arch-Angel. this the seat M That we must chan e for Heav'n this moumful loom - ‘ \ ' - .- v ~ _ _g . ~_ 8 6:93“) Afloat, when With fierce Winds l_i__i_io_n mm d l :05 ] For that celesual light? 3“? It S°~ SINCE he l 24% (n. (J “A. Hath vext the Red~Sea Coast, whose waves orethrcw Who HOW |S fifilfifl can dis 059 and bid 5:" 0" gl Busiris and his Mem hian Chival Wh hitbe'h-F‘d—Jir" h' 'b 5° “ 'p ry‘ 3‘5 a “g t- 41' 93‘ 0m 1m ‘5 ‘5‘ s 9 While wuh perfidious hatred they pursu‘d Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream w b? The soiounflflrgfihgfl‘ who beheld . . - ho. VAVbOVC his Etfluals- le’e‘ilell'aplmfiews h I 91‘“ From the safe shore thir floating Carkascs [ 3 I0 ] here Joy 0r ever we 5. Hal OFTOUTS, all [-501 . And broken Chariot Wheels, so thick bestrown Infernal world. and thou pryfoufldefi Hell “it Abject and lost lay these, covering the Flood, Receive thy new Possession One who brings rd“ ohfiffim Under amazement of thir hideous change. A mind “0‘ ‘0 be Chang by Place or Time. 4d “L03 ‘ He call'd so loud, that all the hollow Deep Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates. [ 3 | 5 ] ‘hc mind is its own lace, and in it Mw\l #(n ‘ - WMICTS, the F lowr of Heav'n, once yours. now lost, an make a Heav'n o e , a Hell of Heav'n. [ 255 1 W What mime" Where» in be 3‘1” the same: if such astonishment as this can sieze And what I should be, all but less then he ateth w Eternal spirits; or have ye chos'n this place Whom Thunder hath I“an greater? W i two; “KL After the toyl of Bartel to repose Kim “1' Almighty ham “0‘ built Mutt“ 3‘“ Your wearied venue, for the ease you find I 320 ] Here for his envy, “'1” “01 dm’fi “5 hence: i 260 i . To slumber here, as in the Vales of Heav'n? Here 3N8 {nay r318“ 5999”, and m ".‘y Choyce ‘Wn‘a’flm Or in this abject posture have ye sworn To reign is worth ambition though in Hell: (fruhgi‘syc ons To adore the Conquerour? who now beholds re‘ in l th it serve in Heav‘n. Waifid‘f’ Cheruhc and Seraph rowling in the Flood But wherefore let we then our failhflll friendS, .3“ With scatter'd Arms and Ensigns, till anon [ 325 ] 'I‘h’ associates and dimmers of our loss [ 265 ] 4» decimal menu: MNMQSM His swift pursuers from Heav'n Gates discern Th' advantage, and descending tread us down Thus drooping, or with linked Thunderbolts lransfix us to the bottom ofthis Gulfe. they hearth and were abasht, and up they sprung Upon the Wing. as when men wont to watch 0“ din)" Sleeping found by whom they dread, Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Nor did they not perceave the evil plight [ 335 ] l" WhICh they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Yet to thir Generals Voyce they soon obeyd Innumerable. As when the potent Rod magma. Egypts evill day Wav'd round the Coast, up call'd a pitchy cloud [ 340 ] Of Locusts, warping on the Eastern Wind, That ore the Realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like Night, and darken'd all the Land ofNile: So numberless were those bad Angels seen Hovering on wing under the gopg of Hell [ 345 ] 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding Fires; Till, as a signal giv'n, th' uplifled Spear Ofthir great Sultan waving to direct Thir course, in even ballance down they light On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Plain; [ 350 ] A multitude, like which the populous Norm Pour'd never from her frozen loyns, to pass Rhenc or the Danaw, when her barbarous Sons Came like a Deluge on the South, and spread Beneath Gibralter to the Lybian sands. [ 355 ] Forthwith from every Squadron and each Band The Heads and Leaders thither hast where stood Thir great Commander; Godlike shapes and forms Excelling human, Princely Dignities, And Powers that earst in Heaven sat on Thrones; [360 ] Though of thir Names in heav'nly Records now Be no memorial blotted out and ras'd By thir Rebellion. from the Books of Life. Nor had they yet among the Sons of Eve Got them new Names, till wandring ore the Earth, [365 ] Through Gods high sufferance for the tryal of man, By falsities and [yes the greatest part Of Mankind they corrupted to forsake God thir Creator. and th' invisible Glory of him that made them. to transform [ 370 ] 0ft to the Image of a Brute, adom'd With gay Religions full of Pomp and Gold, And WW: Then were they known to men by various Names, And various idols through the Heathen World. [375] Say, Muse, thir Names then known, who first, who last, Rous’d fi'om the slumber, on that fiery Couch, At thir great Emperors call, as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, While the promiscuous croud stood yet aloof? [ 380 ] The chief were those who from the Pit of Hell Roaming to seek thir prey on earth, durst fix Thir Seats long after next the Seat of God, Thir Altars by his Altar, Gods ador’d Among the Nations round, and durst abide { 385 ] Jehovah thundring out of Sion, thron'd Between the 12mm; yea, often plac'd W; Within his Sanctuary it selfthir Shrines. 1+6 '3 Abominations; and with cursed things fie; m His holy Rites, and solemn Feasts pt'o-lnnjd, | 390 ] mo ":4 And With thir darkness durst ullrunt his light. First Moloch, horrid King bcsmcnr'd wilh blood M in Of human sacrifice, and parents tears, tum; (‘2 Though for the noysc of Drums and l'imbrcls loud U” Mn) Thir chiltlrcns u lL'\ llllllL‘Jltl. that pnsl through lircl NS | To his grim ldol. Him the Ammonia; Worshipt in firm; and her watry Plain, [n M and in Basan, to the stream Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest hetut [ 400 ] Of Solomon he led by fraud to build His Temple right against the Temple of'God On that opprobrious |__li,|,,|, and made his Grove The pleasant Vally ol‘lilinnoin, 'l'ophet thence And black Gehenna call'd, the Type of Hell. [405 I Next git-jigs, th' obscene dread of Moubs Sons, From .Lrotn' to Nit-12o, and the wild Of Southmost Abrirnn: in llcscbon And l_-i_tlggnnjin. Seons Realm, beyond The flowry Dale ot‘Sibniu clad with Vines, 1 4 to I And Elealc to th’ Pool. Peor his other Name, when he entic‘d W on thir match from Nile To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe. Yet thence his lustful Orgies he enlarg‘d [ 415 ] Even to that Hill of scandal, by the Grove Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate; Till good Jgsiih drove them thence to Hell. With these came they, who from the bordring flood 0f old Euphrates to the ml; that parts [ 420 } Egypt from Syrian ground, had general Names Of Baalim and Ashtaroth, those male, These Feminine. For Spirits when they please Can either Sex assume, or both; so soft And uncompounded is thir Essencgpgrg. [ 425 ] Not ti'd or manacl‘d with joynt or limb. Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones, Like cumbrous flesh; but in what shape they choose Dilated or condens't, bright or obscure, Can execute thir aerie purposes, [ 430 ] And works of love or enmity fulfill. For those the Race of Israel oft forsook Thir living strength, and unfrequented left His righteous Altar, bowing lowly down To bestial Gods; for which thir heads as low T 435 ] Bow'd down in Battel, sunk before the Spear Of despicable foes. With these in troop Came Astoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd Astarte, Queen of Heav'n, with crescent Horns; To whose bright Image nightly by the Moon [440 ] Sidonian Virgins paid thir Vows and Songs, In M also not unsung, where stood Her Temple on th' offensive Mountain, built By that uxorious King, whose heart though large, Beguil'd by fair ldolatresses, fell [ 445 1 To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur‘d The Syrian Damsels to lament his fate In amorous dittyes all a Summers day, While smooth Adonis from his native Rock [ 450 ] ion: “l Ran purple to the Sea, suppos'd with blood or mammuz yearly wounded: the Love-tale Infeded MIR—IS with like heat, ghfl‘wmon PaSSionS in the sacred Porch #3 1° 53W, when by the VlSlOn led [ 455 ] H15 eye survay'd MM; Oféliglgalid Judah. Next came one WhP mouf'n'd in earnest when the Captive Ark Matm'd his brute Image, head and hands lopt off In his own Temple, on the grunsel edge, [460 ] Where he fell flat, and sham'd his Worshipers: Egg his Name, Sea Monster, upward Man And downward Fish: yet had his Temple high Rear'd in Azotus dreaded through the Coast Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon [465 ] And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. Him follow'd Rimmon whose delightful Seat Was fair Damascus on the fertil Banks Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. He also against the house of God was bold: [470 ] A Leger once he lost and gain'd a King, Ahaz his sottish Conquerour, whom he drew Gods Altar to disparage and displace For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn His odious oft‘rings, and adore the Gods [475 ] Whom he had vanquisht. After these appeard A crew who under Names of old Renown, Osiris, Isis, Orus and their Train With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus‘d Fanatic Egypt and her Priests, to seek [ 480 ] Thir wandring Gods disguis'd in brutish forrns Rather then human. Nor did Israel scape Th' infection when thir borrow'd Gold compos'd The Calfin Oreb: and the m Doubl’d that sin in Bethel and in Dan, [ 485 ] Lik‘ning his Maker to the Grazed Ox, Jehovah, who in one Night when he pass'd From Egypt marchinggmtdwilflm; Both her first born and all her bleating Gods. [343m came last, then whom a Spirit more lewd [490 ] Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love Vice for it self: To him no Temple stood Or Altar smoak'd; yet who more cit then hee In Temples and at Altars, when the Priest Tums Atheist, as did who till'd [495 ] With lust and violence the house ofGod. In Courts and Palaces he also Reigns And in luxurious Cities, where the noyse Of riot ascends above thir loftiest Towrs. And injury and outrage: And when Night I 500} Darkens the Streets, then wander forth the Sons 5 W . Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine. U) Witness the Streets of Sodom, and that night gt in Gibcah, when the hospitable door 95‘ \L to. of Expos‘d a Matron to avoid worse rage. [ 505 ] These were the prime in order and in might; The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd, Th' Ionian Gods, of J avans Issue held Gods, yet confest later then Heav'n and Earth Thir boasted Parents; Titan Heav'ns first born [ 510 ] With his enormous brood, and birthright seis‘d By younger Satum, he fi'om mightier Jove His own and Rhea's Son like measure found; So Jove usurping reign'd: these lirst in git-ct And lda known, thence on the Snowy top I 5 IS I up Of cold Mpg rul'd the middle Air Thir highest Henv'n; or on the Ilclphjtin Cliff. (Page Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds OW U} OfIJoric Inuit; or who with Saturn old Fled over Aida to th' Il__cspcrizu_i It‘tcltls. | 520 I And ore the Celtic rotun'd the utmost Islc'w. All these and more came Hocking; but with looks Down cast and damp. yet such wherein uppcut’d Obscure some glimps ofjoy. to have found thir chicl' Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost [ 525 | *0 In loss it self; which on his coum-mtncc cttst tbhfiewfl; I Like doubtful hue: but he his wontcd pride sp‘ “to 5 c Soon recollecting, with hiin words, that bore to”: WP"!- Semblance ofworth, not substance. gently rztis'd o c ‘ Thir fainting courage, and dispcl'd thir fears, [ 530 I Then strait commands that at the warlike sound OfTrumpets loud and Clarions be uprcttrd His mighty Standard; that proud honour cltnni'tl Azazel as his right, a thtfize tall: Who forthwith from the glittering StaIT unfurld | 535 I Th' Imperial Ensign, which full high advanc'l Shon like a Meteor streaming to the Wind With Gemms and Golden lustre rich imblaz'd, arms and Trophies: all the while Sonorous mettal blowing Martial sounds: I 5-10 I At which the universal Host upscnt A shoot that tote Hells Concave. and beyond Frighted the Reign 01111333 and old Night. All in a moment through the gloom were seen Ten thousand Banners rise into the AirI 545 ] With Orient Colours waving: with them rose A Forest huge of Spears: and thronging tlclms Appear'd, and serried shields in thick array Of depth immeasurable: Anon they move In perfect Phalanx to the DAME“) mood I 550 1 Of Flutes and soft Recorders; such as rais'd To hight ofnoblest temper Hero's old Arming to Battel, and in stead ofragc Deliberate valour breath'd, firm and unmov'd With dread ofdeath to flight or foul retreat. I 555 I Nor wanting power to mitigate and g5;th With solemn touches, troubl'd thoughts. and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal or immortal minds. Thus the) Breathing united force with fixed thought I sou ] Mov'd on in silence to soft Pipes that chann'd Thir painful steps o‘rc the burnt soylc; and now Advanc't in view. they stand. a horrid Front Ofdreadful length and dazling Arms. in guise Of Warriers old with order‘d Spear and Shield. I 5(35 I Awaiting what command thir mighty Chief Had to impose: He through the armed Files Darts his cxperienc't eye, and soon traverse The whole Battalion views, thir order due. Thir visages and stature as of Gods. [ 570 ] Thir number last he summs. And now his heart Distends with pride, and hardning in his strength Glories: For never since created man, Met such imbodied force, as nam'd with these Could merit more then that small infantry [ 575 ] Warr'd on by (3%: though all the Giant brood he tc— 10° ofPhIev with th' Heroic Race were ' ' fl joyn d That feught at Theb's and Ilium, on each side M ixt with auxiliar Gods; and what resounds In Fable or Romance of Uthers Son { 580] Begin with British and Armoric Knights" And all who since, Baptiz'd or Infidel ’ Jousted in Aspramont or Montalban, Damasco or Marocco, or Trebisond, Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore [ 585 ] When Charlemain with all his Peerage fell By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd Thir dread commander: he above the rest \ 0‘ In shape and gesture proudly eminent [ 590 ] s'kao w S d I. _ . W *0 YX too Ike a Towr, his form had yet not lost 6‘0 at All her Original brightness, nor appear’d \ Less then Arch Angel mind, and th' excess Of Glory obscur’d: As when the Sun new ris’n Looks through the Mal—Wt 595 1/ Shorn of his Beams, or from behind the Moon In dim Eclips disastrous twilight sheds 0n half the Nations. and with fear of change Pcrplexes Monarchs. Dark'n'd so, yet shon Above them all th' Arch Angel: but his face [600 ] Deep scars of Thunder had intrencht, and care Sat on his faded cheek, but under Browes Of dauntless courage, and considerate Pride Waiting revenge: cruel his eye, but cast Signs of remorse and passion to behold [ 605 ] . c “ft”, VS 5 J3 or mighty Cherubim; the sudden blaze [665 1 +o ur—r tat-w fifi‘:o\al The fellows of his crime, the followers rather 1’ 9;)?“ n (Far other once beheld in bliss) condemn'd For ever now to have thir lot in pain, fl Millions of Spirits for his fault amerc't Of Heav'n, and from Eternal Splendors flung { 6 I 0 ] For his revolt, yet faithful] how they stood, Thir Glory witherd. As when Heavens Fire Hath scath'd the Forrest Oaks, or Mountain Pines, With singed top thir stately growth though bare Stands on the blasted Heath. He now prepar'd [6 l 5 ] To speak; whereat thir doubl'd Ranks they bend From wing to wing, and half enclose him round With all his Peers: attention held them mute. Thrice he assayd, and thrice in spight of seom, Tears such as Angels weep, burst forth: at last [ 620 ] ' 1 Words inierwove with sighs found out thir way, L— 5 Sh l Hurt-d som— nomad WNmKl? grow +0 Moral 3 a" mat/3 O Myriads ofimmonal Spirits. 0 Powers Matchless, but with th' Almighty. and that strife Was not inglorious. though 1I_1'__e};cnt was dire, As this place testifies, and this dire change [ 625 } Hateful to utter: but what power of mind Forcseeing or presaging, from the Depth Of knowledge past or present, could have fear'd, How such united force of Gods, how such As stood like these. could ever know repulse? [ 630 ] For who can yet beleeve, though after loss, That all these puissarg Legions, whose exile Hath emptied Heav'n. shall fail to re-ascend Self-rais'd, and repossess thir native seat? For mee be witness all the Host of Heav‘n, [ 635 ] If counsels different. or danger shun'd By me, have lost our hopes. But he who reigns Monarch in Heav'n, till then as one secure Sat on his Throne, upheld by old repute, Consent or costume, and his Regal State I 640 ] Put forth at full, but still his strength conccal'd, Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our full. Henceforth his might we know, and know our own So as not either to provoke, or dread New warr, provok't; our better part remains I 645 | Wesign, by fraud or guile What force effected not: that he no less At length from us may find, who overcomes By force, hath overcome but halfltis foe. Space may produce new Worlds; whereol'so rife | 650 | There went a tinge in I'ieav'n that he ere long Intended to create. and therein plant A generation, whom his choice regard Should favoar equal to the Sons ofIlcavcn: Thither, ifbut to pry, shall be perhaps Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere: [ 655 For this Infernal Pit shall never hold / Cailestial S irits m Bondage, nor th' Abyss Wen But these thoughts Full Counsel must mature: Peace is despaird. { 660] For who can think Submission? Warr then, Warr Open or understood must be resolv'd. .- W“ "fine He spake: and to confirm his words, out-flew Sad-An MKS Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs Mil/1 N Far round illumin‘d hell: highly they rag'd 50% - Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arms Clash'd on thir sounding Shields the din ofwar, Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heav‘n. There stood a Hill not far whose griest top [ 670 ] Belch‘d fire and rowling smoak; the rest entire Shon with a glossie scurff, undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic Ore, The work of Sulphur. Thither wing‘d with speed A numerous Brigad hasten'd. As when Bands [ 675 ] Of Pioners with Spade and Pickax arm'd Forerun the Royal Camp, to trench a Field, 0r cast a Rampart. Mam nion led them on, Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell From heav'n, for ev'n in heav'n his looks and thoughts [680 I Were always downward bent, admiring more The riches of Heav'ns pavement, trod‘n Gold, Then aught divine or holy else enjoy'd In vision beatiftc: by him first Men also, and by his suggestion taught, [ 685 1 Ransack'd the Center, and with impious hands Rifl‘d the bowels of thir mother Earth For Treasures better hid. Soon had his crew Op'nd into the Hill a spacious wound And dig‘d out ribs of Gold. Let none admire [ 690 ] That riches grow in Hell; that soyle may best Deserve the precious bane. And here let those Who boast in mortal things, and wond'ring tell Of Babel, and the works of Memphian Kings Learn how thir greatest Monuments of Fame, [ 695 ] And Strength and Art are easily out-done By Spirits reprobate, and in an hour .t q.“ in an age they with incessant toyle t it} hands innumerable scarce perform, \igh on the Plain in many cells prepar'd, [ 700 ] that underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluc‘d from the Lake, a second multitude with wondrous Art found out the massie Ore, Severing each kind, and scum'd the Bullion dross; A third as soon had form'd within the ground [ 705 ] A various mould. and from the boyling cells By strange conveyance fill'd each hollow nook, As in an Organ from one blast of wind To many a row of Pipes the sound-board breaths. Anon out ofthe earth a Fabrick huge [ 710 ] Rose like an Exhalation, with the sound Of Dulcet Symphonies and voices sweet, Built like a Temple, where Pilasters round Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid With Golden Architrave; nor did there want [ 715 ] Cornice or Freeze, with bgsifigtflmures grav'n, The Roof was {fitted gitfl. Not Babilon, Nor great Alcairo such magnificence Equal'd in all thir glories, to inshrine Belus or Serapis thir Gods, or seat [ 720 ] Thir Kings, when {Egypt with Assyria strove in wealth and luxurie. Th' ascending pile Stood ftxt her stately highth, and strait the dores Op'ning thir brazen foulds discover wide Within, her ample spaces, o're the smooth [ 725 ] And level pavement: from the arched roof Pendant by suttle Magic many a row Of Starry Lamps and blazing C ressets fed With Naphtha and Asphaltus yeilded light As from a sky. The hasty multitude [ 730 ] Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise And some the Architect: his hand was known in Heav'n by many a Towred structure high, Where Scepter'd Angels held thir residence, And sat as Princes, whom the supreme King [ 735 ] Exalted to such power, and gave to rule. Each in his Hierarchie, the Orders bright. Nor was his name unheard or unador’d in ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land Men call'd him Mulciber; and how he fell [ 740 ] From Heav'n, they fabl‘d, thrown by angry Jove Sheer o're the Chrystal Battlements: from Mom To Noon he fell, from Noon to dewy Eve, A Summers day; and with the setting Sun Dropt fi'om the Zenith like a falling Star, [ 745 ] On Lemnos th' iEgean He: thus thev relate, Erring; for he with this rebellious rout Fell long before; nor aught avail'd him now To have built in Heav'n high Towrs; nor did he scape By all his Engins, but was headlong sent [ 750 ] With his industrious crew to build in hell. Mean while the winged Haralds by command Of Sovran power, with awful Ceremony And Tmmpets sound throughout the Host proclaim w «a “i A solemn Councel forthwith to be held [ 755 ] im/ % At Pandarmonium, the high Capital J “90(3me 0f Satan and his Peers: thir summons call'd From every Band and squared Regiment By place or choice the worthiest; they anon With hunderds and with thousands trooping came [ 760 ] Attended: all access was throng'd, the titties And Porches wide, but chicfthc spacious llnll ('l'ltough like a covcr'd field. where Champions hold Wont ride in arin‘tl, and at the Soldnns chair Del't‘d the best ofl’nynint chivnlry | 705 I To mortal combat or ctu‘rccr with Lance) Thick swarin'd, both on the ground and in the nn', Brusht with the hiss of russling wings. As Hut-n In spring time, when the Sun with l'tntrns rides. Pour forth thir populous youth about the Hive l 770 I In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Flie to and fi‘o, or on the smoothed Plank. The suburb ofthir Straw-built Cittttdel. New rub'd with Baum, expatizne and confer Thir State affairs. So thick the aerie crowd I 775 ] Swarm'd and were straitn'd; till the Signal giv'n. Behold a wonder.r they but now who secmd ln bigness to surpass Earths Giant Sons 4, ‘ Now less then smallest Dwarfs, in narrow room {9 “‘0‘- Throng numberless. like that l’rgiiic,tii RJt'L' [ 780 ] 9 f Beyond the Indian Mount. or Faerie lilvcs. M _ Whose midnight Revels. by a Forrest side 9|) Or Fountain some belated l’cnnmt sees. Or dreams he sees, while over-head the Moon Sits Arbitress. and neerer to the Earth I 785 J Wheels her pale course. they on thir mirth and dance intent, withjocond Music charm his car: At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. Thus incorporeal Spirits to smallest forms Reduc'd thir shapes immense. and were at large. [ 790 1 Though without number still amidst the Hall Ofthat infernal Court. But far within And in thir own dimensions like themschcs The great Scfglplllt‘ l ords and t ltctulum In close recess and secret cunt l.t\c sail 705 l A thousand Demy-Gods on golden seats. Frequent and full. Aficr short silence then And summons read. the great consult began. The End ofthe Fir5t Book. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ENG 102 taught by Professor Garner during the Spring '07 term at SUNY Rockland.

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Paradise Lost - Book 1 - The Argument Notes - / Paradise...

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