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Paradise Lost - Book 1 - The Argument Notes

Paradise Lost - Book 1 - The Argument Notes - Paradise Lost...

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Unformatted text preview: / Paradise Lost BOOK 1 THE ARGUMENT This first Book proposes, first in brief, the whole Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac‘t: Then touches the prime cause ofhis fall, the Serpent, or rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting from God, and drawing to his side many Legions ofAngels, was by the command of God driven out of Heaven with all his Crew into the great Deep. Which action past over, the Poem hasts into the mifl ot‘things. presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell. describ‘d here, not in the Center (for Heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst) but in a place of utter darkness, fitliest call'd Chaos: Herc Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisht, after a certain space recovers. as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer ofthir miserable fall. Satan awakens all his Legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded; They rise, thir Numbers, array of Battel. thir chief Leaders nam'd, according to the ldols known afterwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoyning. To these Satan directs his Speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them lastly ofa new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophesie or report in Heaven; for that Angels were long before this visible Creation. was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the truth ofthis Prophesie, and what to determin thereon he refers to a full Councel. What his Associates thence attempt. Pandemgnigm the Palace of Satan rises, suddenly built out ofthe Deep: The infernal Peers there sit in Councel. That to the highth of this great Argument I may assert Eternal Providence, | 25 | And justilie the waycs ol'God to men. W Say first, for l-leav'n hides nothing from thy View Nor the deep Tract of Hell. say first what cause Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State, N»- Favour'd of Heav‘n so highly, to fall off [ 30 ] From thir Creator, and transgrcss his Will M For one restraint, [Linigguhgmrltl besides? My.” ' “WWII—Wm"? “’44) Th' inferna erpent; he it was, whose ggil; Stird up with Envy and Revenge,de§g1v'd l 35 J The Mother of Mankind. what time his Pflc Had cast him out from Heav'n, with all his Host Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring To set himselfin Glory above his Peers. ‘ He trusted to have equal‘d the most High, | 40 ] If he oppos'd; and with ambitious aim Against the Throne and Monarchy ol‘God Rais'd im_p_i_o_us War in Heav'n and Battel proud With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurld headlongl l‘lamjiig front th' Ethereal Skic | 45 ] With hideous mine and combustion down To bottomless perdition, there to dwell ln Adamagtjge Chains and penal l-‘irc. Who durst defie th‘ Omnipotent to Arms. Em times tlieflage that measures Day and Night i .‘U I To mortal men, he with his horrid crew. mm untidy}, Lay vanqursht, rowltng in the fiery (iulte ,\. . m r, Confounded th0ugh immortal: But his doom Md'ml m+em / Reserv'd him to more wrath: for now the thought W'hlu NA mg Both of lost happiness and lasting pain | 55 I Torments him; round he throws his baleful eyes That witness'd huge amiction and dismay “wage “W Mingith obdurate pride and stcdfast hate: 5 At once as far as Angels kcnn he views The dismal Situation waste and wildc. [ 60 ] A Dungeon horrible. on all sides round As one great Furnace nam'd, yet from those flames OF Mans First Disobedience. and the Fruit Mumaronte ,9No light, but rather darkness visible Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast H * flaw Serv'd onely to discover sights of woe, Brought Death into the World. and all our W08. ‘0“ n 0 Regions of sorrow. doleful shades. whcrc peace I 65 I With loss ofEden, till one grcgtcrngm Restore us, and regain the blissful Scat, [ 5 ] Sing mav'nly M u_sg,that on the secret top OfQLch, or of Sinai, didst inspire That Shepherd, who first taught the (Ili'thdlLSpgd, in the Beginning how the Heav’ns and Earth Rose out ol‘Chaos: Or ifflofln Hill [ lO] Delight thee more. and Siloa‘s Brook that flow'd Fast by the Oracle of God; i thence Invoke thy aid to my advcntrous Song, That with no middle flight intends to soar Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues [ 15 ] Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhimc. And chiefly Thou 0 Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th‘ upright heart and pure, instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and with mighty wings outspread [ 20 ] Dove-like satst brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'st it pregnant: What in me is dark lllumin, what is low raise and support; And rest can never dwell, hope not L'i LHHIC'v kmwmtshmm} That comes to all; but torture without end n O hopt. Mani I. Still urges. and a fiery Deluge. fed Ouf, but Sh’tlhes input With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum'd: gbhgflhtm Such place Eternal Justice had prepar’d I 70 I For those rebellious, here thir Prison ordain'd ln utter darkness, and thir portion set As far remov'd from God and light of Heav'n As from the Center lltrlcgng'Agimgfij Pole. 0 how unlike the place from whence they fell! [ 75 ] There the companions of his fall, o'rewhclm‘d With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous fire. He soon discems, and weltring by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd [ 80 ] Beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-Enemy, And thence in Heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words Breaking the horrid silence thus began. LighlglL-beest he;.But 0 how fall'n! how chang'd C] ' Im, who in the happy Realms of Light [ 85 ] 01h d wrth transcendent brightness didst out-shine Myriads though bright: If he Whom mutual league, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize, PA Joynd wrthme once, now misery hathjoynd [ 90 ] rhon‘ In equal rum: into what Pi: thou seest rmw l“ ' From_what highth fall'n, so much the stronger prov‘d He With his Thunder: and till then who knew The force of those dire Arms? yet not for those. an Of force believe Almighty, since no less Then such could hav orepow‘rd such force as ours) I I45 ] Have left us this our Spirit and strength intire Strongly to suffer and support our pains, That we may so suti‘lce his vengeful ire, Or do him mightier service as his thralls By right ol’Warr. what e're his business he I 150 | Here in the heart ofl‘lell to work in Fire, Or do his Errands in the gloomy Deep; What can it then avail though yet we feel Strength undiminisht, or eternal being To undergo eternal punishment? [ ISS ] gar what the Potent Victor in his rage [95 l a!“ an else inflict, do I repent or change ‘0’“ Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-fiend rcP'Y'd' f’ . a h Though chang'd tn outward lustre; that fact mind fifi‘s alidwoi‘w - b' “only. And high disdain, fiom sence of injur'd merit, wfi‘fv“? Fall'n Qlcrubc. I0 be weak i5 misemb'c 30" fl *6 M bad ‘1’ That with the mightiest rais'd me to contend, V (0“ And to the fierce contention brought along [ 100 ] U, if lnnumerable force of Spirits arm'd That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring, His utmost power with adverse power oppos'd In dubious Battel on the Plains ofHeav'n, And shook his throne. What though the field be lost? [ [05 ] All is not lost; the unconquerable Will, And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield: ‘1‘ And what is else not to be overcome? (flip/<59 Yfi‘y v3", That Glory never shall his wrath or might [ l 10 ] “on-0’ whirls “i. Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace 9“ 3,03; 'JOW? With suppliant knee, and deifie his power. 9‘ L1.” or Who fi'om the terrour of this Arm so late P30”) Doubled his Empire, that were low indeed, That were an ignominy and shame beneath [ l 15 ] ,5 Sign This downfall; since by Fate the strength nigh W" 5rd And this Empyreal substance cannot fail, "\/tpH°{ Since through experience of this great event in Arms not worse, in foresight much advanc't, We may with more successful hope resolve [ l20 ] To wage by force or guile eternal Warr o t‘ lrreconcileable, to oar grand Foe, \ .0} :9 Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy >35!" J90 Sole reigning holds the Tyranny ofHeav'n. ‘ 345‘ 3032,52 f in"5 So spake th' Apostate Angel, though in pain [ 125 ] Vaun‘tijgaloud, but rackt with deep despare: And him thus answer'd soon his bold Compeer. 0 Prince, 0 Chief of many Throned Powers, That led th' imbattelld Seraphim to Warr Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds [ 130 ] Fearless, endangefd Heav'ns perpetual King; And put to proof his high Supremacy, Whether upheld by strength, or Chance, or Fate, Too well I see and rue the dire event, That with sad overthrow and foul dcfeat[ I35 ] Hath lost us Heav'n, and all this mighty Host In horrible destruction laid thus low, As far as Gods and Heav'nly Essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Invincible, and vigour soon returns, [ 140] Though all our Glory extinct, and happy state Here swallow‘d up in endless misery. But what if he our Conquerour, (whom l now \ai" sefirhn or” Doing or Suffering: but ol'this be sure, To do ought good never will be our ‘ But ever to do Ill our sole delight, l l60 As being the comma to his high will Whom we resist. lfthen his Providence 6° Qwigg gyil segk to bring forth good, M3155 Our labour must be to that end, *0 op, And out ofgood still to find ntqmsflflyilfl 165 I . 1”" Which ofi tunes may succeed, so as perhaps Shall grjmhim, ifl fail not. and disturb His inmost counsels from thir destind aiin But see the angry Victor hath rccall'd His Ministers ofvcngeance and pursuit [ I70 ] Back to the Gates of l-lcav'n: The Sulphurous lluil Shot after us in storm. oreblown hath laid The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice OfHeav'n receiv'd us falling. and the Thunder. Wing'd with red Lightning and impcluous rage. I IVS ] Perhaps hath spent his shafts. and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn. Or satiate fury yield it from our l-‘oe. Seest thou yon dreary Plain. forlom and \vildc. | till] I The seat ofdcsolation, voyd of light. Save what the glimmering ofthese livid flames Casts pale and dreadful? Thither let us tcnd From offthe tossing ofthese fiery waves There rest, if any rest can harbour there. [ ISS I And reassembling our afflicted Powers. Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our Enemy, our own loss how repair. How overcome this dire Calamity. What reinforcement we may gain from Hope. 1 l9() ] If not what resolution from desparc. Thus Satan talking to his ncercst Mate With Head up—lifl above the wave, and Eyes That sparkling blaz'd, his other Parts besides Prone on the Flood, extended long and large 1 HS ] Lay floating many a mag, in bulk as huge As whom the Fables name of monstrous sine, Titanian, or Earth-bum, that wan’d on Jove, Briarcos or 'l'yphou, whom the Den By ancient Tarsus held, or that Sea-beast [ 200 ] Leviathan which God ofall his works Created hugest that swim th' Ocean stream: Him haply slumbring on the Norway foam / The m t- hou-Hi}. hWi‘M I 0t 0 so".3e mm . Deemng some lslsnmall night-founder’d Skiff; Lye thus astonisht on th' oblivious Pool, in ms H Sh u WI fixed Anchor (L on, as seiHne“ tell. [205 ] And call them not to share with us their par ‘ i M LN ' In his Skaly nnd 1“ this unhappy Mansion, or once more J'Lflmm u Moms by his side under the Lee, while Ni t war 11‘ d Arm to what ma be at Invests the Sea, and Mom delayeségh I ra 1e 5 W Y y 50 stretcht out hu e in length the Arch-fiend lay 331mg on e tinting Lake, not ever thence [ 210 ] A ns n or heav'd his head, but that the will nd high permission of all-ruling Heaven Regaind in Heav'n, or what more lost in Hell? [2 So Satan spake. and him BCClZ_t.‘_bll_l_3 Thus answer'd. Leader of those Armies bright. Which but th' Onmipotent none could have foyld, Lefi hi v i i . i That wflhaggge Rams. own .des'gns’ , ad“ If once they hear that voycc, thir liveliest pledge Heap on if I '3: mm.“ he m.ng 0m» Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft [ 275 ] Evil to mascandagnnatign, gilt: he sought [215 ] 80/ In worst extrcams, and on the perilous edge _ v _ Drag mi t see mp1 3 Of battel when it rag'd. in all assaults l-hi‘ctrw'all his malice serv'd but to bring forth Thir surest signal, they will soon resume "me g 655’ gmce and memy shew" u w New courage and revive. though now they lye On Man by him seduc't, but on himself Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. [ 220 ] Forthwith upright he rears from off the Pool His mighty Stature; on each hand the flames Drivn backward slope thir pointing spires, and rowld ln billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid Vale. Then with expanded wings he stears his flight [ 225 ] Groveling and prostrate on yon Lake of Fire, [ 280 I As we erewhile, astounded and amaz‘d, No wonder, fall'n such a pernicious highth. He scarce had ceas't when the superiour Fiend Was moving toward the shear; his ponderous shield Alofl, insurgent on the dusky Air That felt unusual weight, till on dry Land He lights, if it were Land that ever bum'd With solid, as the Lake with liquid tire; And Such appear'd in hue, as when the force [ 230 ] Of subterranean wind transports a Hill Eiihgrgiiltcnipg'. massy. large and round, [ 285 ] Behind him cast; the broad circumference Hung on his shoulders like the Moon. whose Orb “9.)” Through thith tiles; the luscun -\i'll_\i views At Ev'ning from the top ofl bole, q Or in \ ,ildai’no, to descry new Lands, { 290 l L-H do.“ Rivers or Mountains in her spotty Globe. WM” \gw Tom from Pficjim'é‘ or the Shatterd Side His Spear, to equal which the tallest Pinc grahgndr'Pg Limit whose combl'llStlibIe _ chn on Norwegian hills to be the Mast ., n . “WEI emfng therice coi‘ce'v‘"g_F"e' Ol‘some great '\llllIlllel, were but a wand. éubhm i; wuh M'm‘flLlfl-X’ am the wmdS‘ [ 235 ] l-le walkt with to support uneasie steps [ 29$ ] mid leave a singed bonom a” '"“_""d Over the burning \lrirlc, not like those steps With stench and smoak: Such resting found the sole On Heavens Azure and the torrid Clime Of unblest feet. Him followed his next Mate, Smme on him sore'besides vaulted with Fire. Bo“: glowing to ‘13.“: scap't the Sabina” “00d \zitlilcss he so endur‘d, tili‘on the Beach ‘ "5 W5- a"d by ‘1‘" 0”“ mm” Strength, i 240 ] arti‘annnmd Sea, he stood and call'dl 300 1 Not by the sufiemnce OfSUPemal Power' His Legions. Angel Forms. who lay intrans't Thick as Autumnal Leaves that strow the Brooks in Yallombrosu. where th' Ltrtiriaiii sliiiilcx High overarch‘t imbowr; or scatterd sedge is this the Region. this the Soil. the Clinic, Said then the lost Arch-Angel. this the seat M That we must chan e for Heav'n this moumful loom - ‘ \ ' - .- v ~ _ _g . ~_ 8 6:93“) Afloat, when With fierce Winds l_i__i_io_n mm d l :05 ] For that celesual light? 3“? It S°~ SINCE he l 24% (n. (J “A. Hath vext the Red~Sea Coast, whose waves orethrcw Who HOW |S fifilfifl can dis 059 and bid 5:" 0" gl Busiris and his Mem hian Chival Wh hitbe'h-F‘d—Jir" h' 'b 5° “ 'p ry‘ 3‘5 a “g t- 41' 93‘ 0m 1m ‘5 ‘5‘ s 9 While wuh perfidious hatred they pursu‘d Whom reason hath equald, force hath made supream w b? The soiounflflrgfihgfl‘ who beheld . . - ho. VAVbOVC his Etfluals- le’e‘ilell'aplmfiews h I 91‘“ From the safe shore thir floating Carkascs [ 3 I0 ] here Joy 0r ever we 5. Hal OFTOUTS, all [-501 . And broken Chariot Wheels, so thick bestrown Infernal world. and thou pryfoufldefi Hell “it Abject and lost lay these, covering the Flood, Receive thy new Possession One who brings rd“ ohfiffim Under amazement of thir hideous change. A mind “0‘ ‘0 be Chang by Place or Time. 4d “L03 ‘ He call'd so loud, that all the hollow Deep Of Hell resounded. Princes, Potentates. [ 3 | 5 ] ‘hc mind is its own lace, and in it Mw\l #(n ‘ - WMICTS, the F lowr of Heav'n, once yours. now lost, an make a Heav'n o e , a Hell of Heav'n. [ 255 1 W What mime" Where» in be 3‘1” the same: if such astonishment as this can sieze And what I should be, all but less then he ateth w Eternal spirits; or have ye chos'n this place Whom Thunder hath I“an greater? W i two; “KL After the toyl of Bartel to repose Kim “1' Almighty ham “0‘ built Mutt“ 3‘“ Your wearied venue, for the ease you find I 320 ] Here for his envy, “'1” “01 dm’fi “5 hence: i 260 i . To slumber here, as in the Vales of Heav'n? Here 3N8 {nay r318“ 5999”, and m ".‘y Choyce ‘Wn‘a’flm Or in this abject posture have ye sworn To reign is worth ambition though in Hell: (fruhgi‘syc ons To adore the Conquerour? who now beholds re‘ in l th it serve in Heav‘n. Waifid‘f’ Cheruhc and Seraph rowling in the Flood But wherefore let we then our failhflll friendS, .3“ With scatter'd Arms and Ensigns, till anon [ 325 ] 'I‘h’ associates and dimmers of our loss [ 265 ] 4» decimal menu: MNMQSM His swift pursuers from Heav'n Gates discern Th' advantage, and descending tread us down Thus drooping, or with linked Thunderbolts lransfix us to the bottom ofthis Gulfe. they hearth and were abasht, and up they sprung Upon the Wing. as when men wont to watch 0“ din)" Sleeping found by whom they dread, Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake. Nor did they not perceave the evil plight [ 335 ] l" WhICh they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Yet to thir Generals Voyce they soon obeyd Innumerable. As when the potent Rod magma. Egypts evill day Wav'd round the Coast, up call'd a pitchy cloud [ 340 ] Of Locusts, warping on the Eastern Wind, That ore the Realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like Night, and darken'd all the Land ofNile: So numberless were those bad Angels seen Hovering on wing under the gopg of Hell [ 345 ] 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding Fires; Till, as a signal giv'n, th' uplifled Spear Ofthir great Sultan waving to direct Thir course, in even ballance down they light On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Plain; [ 350 ] A multitude, like which the populous Norm Pour'd never from her frozen loyns, to pass Rhenc or the Danaw, when her barbarous Sons Came like a Deluge on the South, and spread Beneath Gibralter to the Lybian sands. [ 355 ] Forthwith from every Squadron and each Band The Heads and Leaders thither hast where stood Thir great Commander; Godlike shapes and forms Excelling human, Princely Dignities, And Powers that earst in Heaven sat on Thrones; [360 ] Though of thir Names in heav'nly Records now Be no memorial blotted out and ras'd By thir Rebellion. from the Books of Life. Nor had they yet among the Sons of Eve Got them new Names, till wandring ore the Earth, [365 ] Through Gods high sufferance for the tryal of man, By falsities and [yes the greatest part Of Mankind they corrupted to forsake God thir Creator. and th' invisible Glory of him that made them. to transform [ 370 ] 0ft to the Image of a Brute, adom'd With gay Religions full of Pomp and Gold, And WW: Then were they known to men by various Names, And various idols through the Heathen World. [375] Say, Muse, thir Names then known, who first, who last, Rous’d fi'om the slumber, on that fiery Couch, At thir great Emperors call, as next in worth Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, While the promiscuous croud stood yet aloof? [ 380 ] The chief were those who from the Pit of Hell Roaming to seek thir prey on earth, durst fix Thir Seats long after next the Seat of God, Thir Altars by his Altar, Gods ador’d Among the Nations round, and durst abide { 385 ] Jehovah thundring out of Sion, thron'd Between the 12mm; yea, often plac'd W; Within his Sanctuary it selfthir Shrines. 1+6 '3 Abominations; and with cursed things fie; m His holy Rites, and solemn Feasts pt'o-lnnjd, | 390 ] mo ":4 And With thir darkness durst ullrunt his light. First Moloch, horrid King bcsmcnr'd wilh blood M in Of human sacrifice, and parents tears, tum; (‘2 Though for the noysc of Drums and l'imbrcls loud U” Mn) Thir chiltlrcns u lL'\ llllllL‘Jltl. that pnsl through lircl NS | To his grim ldol. Him the Ammonia; Worshipt in firm; and her watry Plain, ...
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