History 1B Lecture 4 - History 1B Lecture 4 Reform of the...

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History 1B Lecture 4Reform of the Early Medieval Church-Christianity becoming more entrenched in European society in the middle of the 10thcentury-concern about the state of the church during this time-people calling for church reform as a result-popes were advocating for this & societal reform as well-DISCUSSED TODAY: how reforms were revised by the higher levels of the church (3 stages)-What the church was like before the reform-at the local level, more priests in the parishes starting the central middle ages-Monks-spent a lot of time praying and praising God-some were participants in the feudal system-some acted as counselors to the monarchs-this participation was not entirely positive-some viewed monasteries as holding tanks for sons-laypeople appointed their friends/relatives to higher positions in the church-lay aristocrats appointed bishop/archbishops as well-Bishops-upper clergyman-more concerned with secular world than in spiritual world-popes supposed to be elected by clergy and people, but rich families often rigged this-church was important in society, but much under in control of the laity and lay aristocrats-monarchs were able to appoint bishop/archbishops-Simony: the buying/selling of church offices (not supposed to be bought or sold!)-^^^^^ these things worked to compromise the loyalty of clergymen in Europe-in theory, members of secular society were supposed to take direction from the clergy, as clergymen looked up to pope-church’s job: salvation of souls-reform called because the church wasn’t doing its job in the eyes of the people
-clergymen didn’t call reform because they were comfortable with their lives-William, Duke of Aquitaine (8750918)

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
History, Pope Gregory VII, Henry IV, Investiture Controversy

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