Public Speaking Study Guide #1

Public Speaking Study Guide #1 - Public Speaking Study...

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Public Speaking Study Guide #1 1. Communication Model and all its components- encoding, decoding The Source: The source, or sender, is the person who creates a message. The speaker transforms ideas and thoughts into messages and sends them to a receiver, or an audience. The speaker decides what messages are to be sent and how they will be sent. Organizing the message, choosing words and sentence structure, and verbalizing the message is called encoding . Encoding is the physical process of delivering a message. The Receiver: The recipient of the sources messages is the receiver, or audience. The process of interpreting the message is called decoding . The audience’s response to the message is called feedback . This can be conveyed both verbally and nonverbally. Audience perspective : try to determine the needs, attitudes, and values of your audience before you begin speaking. The message is the content of the comm. process: thoughts and ideas put into meaningful expressions. The Channel: The medium through which the speaker sends a message is the channel . The channel can be the air, telephone, television. If interference or noise occurs the message may not be understood. An example could be temperature, feeling sick. Context: The rhetorical situation includes anything that influences the speaker, the audience, the speech, the occasion, or the situation. An example would be a bad day, half- the class is gone, good lightening. 2. Format of delivery- strengths, weaknesses associated with each 1. Impromptu Spur of the moment, barely any prep, self-control needed if given a time limit. Not useful in extended study. Examples: rally a team before a game, Q & A sessions. 2. Extemporaneous. Organized, planned, outlines, rehearsed. You speak from an outline which keeps you on track. Pros: avoids the problem of organization, more flexible, allows for better eye contact, and you can make spur of the moment changes. Cons: can easily get off track, may become repetitive and wordy. 3. Manuscripted The full text is prepared, strict time limit, creates speech in a written style. Cons: eye contact is minamalized, no flexibility. Good use if a speaker wants to avoid being misquoted or misconstrued, or when he is comm exact descriptions and directions. 4. Memorized Formal situations, written style, inflexible format, long prep time, difficult to have natural delivery. 3. Thesis and why it’s important/ performs a specific speech purpose Thesis Statement : The theme, or central idea, of a speech that serves to connect all the parts of the speech in a single line. The main points, the supporting material, and the conclusion all relate to the thesis. The point of creating a thesis statement is to help you identify precisely what the speech is about. Whether the speech is informative or persuasive, the TS purpose is to be true. The TS aids you in developing a coherent, understandable speech. In a persuasive speech, the TS represents what you are going to prove in the address. In informative speeches the TS describes the scope of the speech and tells what the audience will learn.
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