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Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - COMM 1300 Midterm Study Guide You...

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COMM 1300 - Midterm Study Guide You should be familiar with the concept of "rhetorical situation." What are the basic components of the rhetorical situation and how do they relate to one another? (P14) Basic component – speaker, speech, audience, occasion Rhetorical Situation - A situation in which people understanding can be change through message. Determined by: Speaker - Audience - Identification- formation of common bonds between speaker and the audience Occasion - It presents the speaker with an Exigence Simultaneous event Ceremonial – focus on present & praise Delineative – future & what should be done Forensic – past & justice Speech - 3 most general Purposes Informing- provides new info. Or idea Persuading- influence listener’s attitudes and behavior Entertaining- stimulating a sense of community thought the celebration of common bonds among speaker and listener You should be familiar with the four methods of delivery (methods of preparing and delivering speeches) discussed in class. What are strengths and weaknesses of each? (Ch12 - P320) 1. Impromptu Presentation Spur of the moment, no specific preparation, self-control needed if given a time limit. Not useful in extended study. Examples: rally a team before a game, Q & A sessions. 2. Extemporaneous Organized, planned, outlines, rehearsed, neither written nor memorized. You speak from an outline, which keeps you on track. Pros: avoids the problem of organization, more flexible, allows for better eye contact, and you can make spur of the moment changes. Cons: can easily get off track, may become repetitive and wordy. 3. Manuscript The full text is prepared; strict time limit ; creates speech in a written style. Weakness: eye contact is minimize, no flexibility. Good use if a speaker wants to avoid being misquoted or misconstrued or when he is comm exact descriptions and directions. 4. Memorized Formal situations; written style; inflexible format; long prep time. Difficult to give a natural delivery.
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Know the best method for choosing a topic and strategies for narrowing your choice. You should be able to explain obstacles to effective speechmaking that arise from the subject of the speech. (P98-105) Topic dictated by issue, occasion, audience Personal inventory - what public issue do I care - which if my experience might be generalizable - which my interest overlap with audience Finding Aids - brainstorm - printed material Narrow down the topic – Constraints help narrow down topic - Time limits & Audience – who is in Audience, relationship between speaker and audience, relationship between topic and audience Any speech can be divided into three parts. You should know what they are, the function or functions (purpose) of each, and how all three contribute to developing the speech as a whole. (P31, 222-5, 232-4, 240-5, 261-8) Introduction -Get the audience’s attention -State your thesis - open statement -Preview the development of the speech – develop your thesis & give a natural transition to the body paragraph by telling listener what to expect Functions of the Introduction The introduction can affect the outcome of the entire speech.
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Midterm Study Guide - COMM 1300 Midterm Study Guide You...

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