Chapter 10-Suicide

Chapter 10-Suicide - Chapter 10 Suicide 1-800-273-TALK 1...

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5/12/2009 Chapter 10 — Suicide 1-800-273-TALK 1. Suicide is a leading cause of death in the world Approximately 700,000 people commit suicide each year, with 31,000 suicides per year in the U.S. alone Approximately 600,000 people attempt suicide per year. Such attempts are called “parasuicides” Don’t need to know specific #’s, just know these are trends Due to increased recognition and education, there is a decrease in attempts Continuously thinking negatively makes people want to not be around them which potentiates this even more Be a supporter and spend time with them
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5/12/2009 Not very culturally diverse, but vast difference in white males vs. every one else are drastically different. White males are at the highest risk for committing suicide. Then black males, white women, then black women. U.S. Suicide Statistics (2004) Suicide Methods by Gender Method Men Women Men - Percent of Total Men - Number of Suicides (25,566 total) Women - Percent of Total Women - Number of Suicides (6,873 total) Firearms 56.8% 14,523 32.4% 2,227 Hanging, strangulation, suffocation 23.4% 5,980 19.7% 1,356 Poisons 12.5% 3,200 37.8% 2,600 All other methods 7.3% 1,863 10.0% Men are at higher risk because they use lethal means and complete suicide, whereas women use poisons such as overdose on drugs or alcohol, which is least effective. Women use a passive method to kill themselves. 2. Suicide researchers face a major problem: the subjects they study have died a. Researchers use two different strategies to try to overcome this obstacle (with partial success): Retrospective analysis-psychological autopsy Studying people who survive their suicide attempts-what was your state of mind before attempting suicide
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5/12/2009 3 major things to look for when diagnosing a suicidal person: Intent: have you ever attempted to hurt yourself or are you going to hurt yourself. Plan: do you have a plan to kill yourself, a specific act: pills, locking in garage, gun Means: do you have a car, pills, gun? This makes a suicide discussion more threatening There is no formal DSM criteria for suicide, it is not seen as a mental health disorder 3. Researchers have been able to gather statistics regarding the social contexts in which such deaths take place-talk about cultural things later on a. Suicide rates vary from country to country, with religious devoutness (not simply affiliation) helping to explain some of the difference 4. The suicide rates of men and women also differ: Women have a higher attempt rate (3x men)-because they use less lethal means
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Polt during the Spring '08 term at Xavier.

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Chapter 10-Suicide - Chapter 10 Suicide 1-800-273-TALK 1...

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