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356 Exam I Spring 2008 Study Guide (2)

356 Exam I Spring 2008 Study Guide (2) - EDUC 66-356...

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EDUC 66-356: Teaching Reading and Language Arts in the Elementary School Exam I The midterm exam is worth 100 points. Item types include multiple choice, matching, completion, and alternate choice. Review Quizzes 1-6 on eCompanion. Memorize Harris and Sipay’s definition of reading: “Reading is the meaningful interpretation of printed and written verbal symbols.” Memorize the six areas of language arts taught by teachers in Missouri: Reading Writing Listening Speaking Viewing Visual representation Know these key terms: alternative assessment, p. 191 The use of student work or observation of student behavior to measure student performance on a learning task. analytic phonics, p. 286 Teach children the rules and generalizations to them analyze words. anecdotal records, p. 202 A description of behavior such as notes written by the teacher regarding student performance. attention deficit disorder (ADD), p. 156 A developmental disorder involving one or more of the cognitive processes relating to orienting, focus, or maintaining attention. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, p. 156 A student with ADD plus hyperactivity. The child demonstrates inattention, impulsivity, and deficits in the rule-governed behavior. Not to be confused with natural squirming of childhood. authentic assessment, p. 201 The use of means of assessment other then standardized tests to measure student performance. balanced instructional approach, p. 8 Differentiated instruction and Eclectic teaching. basal reading series, p.7 A collection of student texts and workbooks, teacher’s manuals, and supplemental materials for developmental reading and sometimes writing instruction in elem. and middle school. big book, p. 95 Oversized books that provide an opportunity to share text and illustrations with a large group of children in ways one might share a standard size book with an individual child. Page 1
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bottom-up approach, p. 12 Theorists supporting this approach suggest that in the reading process, the text is of prime importance, learning to read begins with the smallest elements – letters - and moves sequentially to larger and larger pieces until sentences are mastered and text is comprehended, accurate sequential processing of words is a key factor in this approach. codeswitching, p. 165 An individual’s change fro one language to another during oral or written communication such as combining Spanish and English. criterion-referenced tests, p. 197 The assessment of performance on a test in terms of the kind of behavior expected of a person with a given score. decodable texts, p. 286 Stories where the majority of the words are based on clear sound-letter relationships. eclectic teaching, p.8 Using a wide variety of instructional strategies depending on student abilities, needs, and interests.
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