In 1916, Margaret Sanger and two of her colleagues founded the country’s very first birthcontrol clinic in Brooklyn, New York. Inspired by the lack of information among the lower class,the physical wear of multiple unwanted pregnancies and the lengths women were willing to go toin order to receive a life threatening abortion, she based her practices on the simple idea that “It is the first right of every child to be wanted.” (Yasunuri 2000)From its very beginning, Planned Parenthood has been wrapped up in legal battles that threaten to close its doors. Within the first year, Sanger had been arrested for violating the Comstock law, which prohibited the circulation of “obscene” literature such as birth control and erotica. By the 1930’s, after many arrests and searches, Sanger and Planned Parenthood played a key role in the overturning of the Comstock Law, making contraceptive knowledge available to all (Yasunuri 2000). Following these formative years, Planned Parenthood also helped fund and distribute the first oral contraceptive (Yasunuri 2000). After Sanger, Planned Parenthood continued to stand on its principle providing affordableand quality healthcare to the underserved population. Since the ruling of Roe v. Wade, the institution has been at the center of many abortive legislation fights. In Casey vs. Planned Parenthood, the clinic challenged Pennsylvania laws requiring various additional statues in order for a woman to receive an abortion. This included a 24 hr. waiting period, minor’s parental consent, information of how the abortion could be detrimental to the mother’s health, and the viability of the fetus. With the passage of these statues, a legal precedent was set for the states encouraging women not to get abortions (Blumenthal 2008). Ever since this ruling, these legal arguments and battles between Pro-life and Pro-choice advocates have been the main focus of information surrounding Planned Parenthood. Planned Parenthood today provides a multitude of services to their patients for an affordable cost. They are the best known center for information regarding pregnancy,
contraception, and sexually transmitted diseases. While they do all of these other things, the center of its societal perception revolves around its abortion services and how the government involved in providing them. These are the topics we will discuss from the three sociological perspectives of conflict theory, functionalism, and symbolic interactionism.Conflict theorists tend to look at situations and see the ways that opposition within the subject itself will cause the demolition of the proposal as a whole. The topic of Planned Parenthood is no exception to this theory. Planned Parenthood offers many services dealing with things such as, sexual health, abortion, birth control, pregnancy, and STDs. This is a very wide range of assistances, and that itself can cause conflict for the organization. People’s beliefs will always differ from one another’s and because of this, politics get heavily involved.