Theology Exam 2 Study Guide

Theology Exam 2 Study Guide - Theology Exam 2 Study Guide...

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Theology Exam 2 Study Guide Catherine of Sienna- (c. A.D. 1347-1380) a mystic of the late medieval period, she was a Dominican tertiary and influential in binging and end to the Avignon Papacy, only to see it fall into the situation of the Great Schism. Catherine’s prayer life had led her into a vision of mystical marriage to Christ. Her visions often were of the nourishing and cleansing blood of the sacrifice of Christ on the cross. (p. 240) Council of Nicaea- an ecumenical council held in A.D. 325, which maintained the true divinity of the Son, Jesus Christ, against the teaching of Arius. (p109, 127, 156, 157, 162) Shiites- meaning “partisans of Ali,” Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law. This Muslim group arose soon after the death of Muhammad, as a consequence of a dispute over how the position of caliph (Muslim ruler) ought to be filled. Today, it continues to be a minority group within the Islamic faith. Ecumenical- meaning “worldwide”; 1) in Gnosticism, a way of looking at reality as divided between two hostile divine powers, one representing good and the other evil’ 2) a way of looking at reality in terms of polar opposites (belief/unbelief; darkness/light; truth/falsehood). Waldensians-names for their founder Valdes, these twelfth-century A.D. “Poor Men of Lyons” sought to return to the apostolic life of the early church. Their hostility to the clergy (because of clerical abuses) eventually led to their condemnation by the Council of Verona in 1184. Vulgate- a Latin translation of the Bible, containing also the books of the apocrypha, widely used in the West at least from the sixth century A.D. and declared by the Council of Trent to be the only authoritative translation of the Bible. Athanasius (d. A.D. 373) - bishop of Alexandria and staunch opponent of Arianism. He said that no subordinate God was necessary to protect true divinity from contact with the world. Only the one true God could save us; anything less put our salvation in doubt. Also, that the flesh of Christ was an instrument to reveal Himself to humans and renew our nature. Avignon Papacy- referring to a period in the Late Middle Ages when the pope moved his court to Avignon, France. Before the papacy returned to Rome, the church leadership would be involved in an even greater struggle for power called the Great Schism.(p232) Caliph- one of the successors of Muhammad chosen to govern the Islamic people after his death; one who rules a Muslim nation Mysticism- A spiritual phenomenon that expresses itself in direct, intense experiences of union and oneness with God. Generally, the mystical journey consists of three phases: purgation (cleansing from sin), illumination (an attraction to all the things of God), and union (the state of oneness with God). Simony- it is the buying and selling of spiritual things, including church leadership positions.
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course THEO 100 taught by Professor Scine during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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Theology Exam 2 Study Guide - Theology Exam 2 Study Guide...

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