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Inclusion - According to Vaidya(2007"an inclusive classroom...

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According to Vaidya (2007), “an inclusive classroom is defined as a classroom which integrates students who have special needs with other students in regular education. Including students in regular education classrooms does not mean doing away with special education; rather, it entails integrating the best that special education has to offer with regular education for the benefit of all students.” Special education programs commonly alter the curriculum so that it parallel’s the curriculum of the regular education classroom. This modified curriculum is taught at a simpler level. Because special needs students require this, it is very difficult to integrate them with the regular classroom. “This (inclusive schooling) adds yet further complications and pressures to the disputes that already exist. Driven, in part at least, by ideological convictions, the idea of inclusive schooling challenges much of existing practice in the special needs field, whilst, at the same time, offering a critique of general education. Put simply, many of those who are supporting the idea are raising the question why is it that schools throughout the world fail to teach so many pupils successfully” (Sebba & Ainscow, 1996). This issue has become a controversial one ever since the enactment of No Child Left Behind Act (NCBL) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Both of these acts were enacted in attempt to ensure a successful
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educational experience for all students. In 2001, The No Child Left Behind Act was enacted in order to provide guidelines on how to ensure the success of elementary and secondary schools, and also make certain that the children are not ensnared in a failing school. The NCBL also includes methods for improving instruction and instructor quality. The NCBL has a strong effect on many of the areas of education. One of the areas covered by the NCBL is increased accountability. Students are required to take standardized tests, and improve on these tests every year regardless of disability. However, “A student who (according to the IEP Team) cannot learn the same content as same age peers who do not have disabilities, and who cannot take the state assessment even if provided with test accommodations may be exempt from the standard state assessment.
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