7b Final Exam Review - 26APR2012Final Review7B WWII I...

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26APR2012Final Review7B WWII I. Economy: During World War II, there was an economic boom in many places. The stimulus from the war, arguably, ended The Great Depression. II. Race A. African Americans march on Washington Monument: The march on the Washington Monument was organized by Philip Randolph as a way of demanding that African Americans be allowed to hold combat positions in the military. Partially out of a desire to seem ideologically different from the Nazis, President Truman issued an executive order to end segregation in the military. B. Mexican Americans: Bracero Program and Zoot Suit Riots: The Bracero Program involved the allowance of Mexican workers to work temporarily in the U.S. as agricultural workers and was controversial primarily because it inhibited labor organization, because its workers could be deported at any time. The Zoot suit riots started in urban LA when Marines and policemen attacked Mexican American youths on the streets with clubs, under the assumption than anyone wearing a “zoot-suit” was a part of a gang. C. Asian Americans: Japanese Internment: Executive Order 9066, ordered Japanese Americans to relocate to concentration camps in the California desert, without even enough time to pack their belongings. III. The Bomb A. The Manhattan Project: Was a U.S. project using many scientists, like Einstein and Oppenheimer, to create weapons technology faster than the axis powers. B. Why Japan? The U.S. bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, primarily out of revenge for the Batan death march in the Phillipines, in which Japanese troops forced U.S. troops to walk 80 miles without stopping. WWII: 1. Economy a. a. “Arsenal of Democracy”: a slogan coined by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt promised to help the United Kingdom fight Nazi Germany by giving them military supplies while the United States stayed out of the actual fighting. The announcement was made a year before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, at a time when Germany had occupied much of Europe and threatened Britain. b. Image of Rosie the Riveter: Increase in industry and clerical/service jobs for women 2. Race a. African Americans: March on Washington Movement at end of WWII: 90% AA families living under poverty line, 1/3 were sharecroppers & could not vote Segregation still prominent and distinct b. Mexican Americans: Bracero Program and Zoot Suit Riots • also affected by high demand for labor after war c. Asian Americans: Japanese Immigrants • executive order required Japanese to report to assembly centers uprooted and sent to prison camps in middle of nowhere
26APR2012Final Review7B • Manzanar – 6,000 acres, barbed wire, desert. Primitive conditions, internees did best to make homes • Fear was the reason – Hawai’i kept under martial law 3. Manhattan Project: The Bomb Japanese were demonized as soulless murderers – US ally was China so “Americans had to be taught difference between Chinese & Japanese” – racism Economic Boom: "How did World War II change the economic and population dynamics of the United States?" During World War II, Roosevelt demanded the U.S. create an "arsenal of democracy" and

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