100%(6)6 out of 6 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 27 pages.
26APR2012Final Review7BWWIII. Economy: During World War II, there was an economic boom in manyplaces. The stimulus from the war, arguably, ended The Great Depression.II. RaceA. African Americans march on Washington Monument: The march on theWashington Monument was organized by Philip Randolph as a way ofdemanding that African Americans be allowed to hold combat positions inthe military. Partially out of a desire to seem ideologically differentfrom the Nazis, President Truman issued an executive order to endsegregation in the military.B. Mexican Americans: Bracero Program and Zoot Suit Riots: The BraceroProgram involved the allowance of Mexican workers to work temporarily inthe U.S. as agricultural workers and was controversial primarily becauseit inhibited labor organization, because its workers could be deported atany time. The Zoot suit riots started in urban LA when Marines andpolicemen attacked Mexican American youths on the streets with clubs,under the assumption than anyone wearing a “zoot-suit” was a part of agang.C. Asian Americans: Japanese Internment: Executive Order 9066, orderedJapanese Americans to relocate to concentration camps in the Californiadesert, without even enough time to pack their belongings.III. The BombA. The Manhattan Project: Was a U.S. project using many scientists, likeEinstein and Oppenheimer, to create weapons technology faster than theaxis powers.B. Why Japan? The U.S. bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, primarily out ofrevenge for the Batan death march in the Phillipines, in which Japanesetroops forced U.S. troops to walk 80 miles without stopping.WWII:1. Economya. a. “Arsenal of Democracy”: a slogan coined by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt promised to help the United Kingdom fight Nazi Germany by giving them military supplies while the United States stayed out of the actual fighting. The announcement was made a year before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, at a time when Germany had occupied much of Europe and threatened Britain.b. Image of Rosie the Riveter: Increase in industry and clerical/service jobs for women2. Racea. African Americans: March on Washington Movementat end of WWII: 90% AA families living under poverty line, 1/3 were sharecroppers & could not voteSegregation still prominent and distinctb. Mexican Americans: Bracero Program and Zoot Suit Riots• also affected by high demand for labor after warc. Asian Americans: Japanese Immigrants• executive order required Japanese to report to assembly centers uprooted and sent to prison camps in middle of nowhere
26APR2012Final Review7B• Manzanar – 6,000 acres, barbed wire, desert. Primitive conditions, internees did best to make homes• Fear was the reason – Hawai’i kept under martial law3. Manhattan Project: The BombJapanese were demonized as soulless murderers – US ally was China so “Americans had to be taught difference between Chinese & Japanese” – racismEconomic Boom: "How did World War II change the economic and populationdynamics of the United States?"During World War II, Roosevelt demanded the U.S. create an "arsenal of democracy" and