Chaper 1 - Island, PSY 150, 1 Lecture Outline 1 (Ch. 1)...

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Island, PSY 150, 1 Lecture Outline 1 (Ch. 1) Wednesday, 28-August 2007 These outlines are of value for two reasons: 1.) they act as concept maps of how topics/people relate to one another within psychology. This is important so that you can conceptualize psychology, not simply by memorizing facts (which is ineffective in learning Psychology—throw out the index cards!), but to assimilate the material to allow you to apply the concepts in everyday situations. 2.) This outline also affords you an opportunity to add text material or your own ideas into the format. CAUTION : I urge you NOT to include definitions. To be effective, this outline should act as a study guide, if you need definitions, go to the book or your notes (include page numbers if you want them as a reference next to headings). I. PSYCHOLOGY: The Beginning of a Definition A. Pioneers 1. William James (“Father of Psychology”) 2. Wihelm Wundt (“Father of Experimental Psychology”) 1879 1 st psychology lab in Germany B. Science of the Mind 1. Psyche (Greek = Mind, Soul, Breath) 2. Rationalism C. Science of Psychology 1. Definition: A science with a special focus on behavior 2. Examples of Perspectives i. Comparative The study of the behavior of members of a variety of species in an attempt to explain behavior in terms of evolutionary adaptation to the environment ii. Physiological Examines the physiology of behavior. The organism’s physiology, especially its nervous system, is considered the appropriate level of explanation. iii. Behavioral (analysis) The branch of psychology that studies the effect of environmental events one behavior iv. Social The study of the effects of people on people Cause and effect relations in human interactions; attitudes and
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Chaper 1 - Island, PSY 150, 1 Lecture Outline 1 (Ch. 1)...

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