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APWH UNIT 7pt.2 Cheat Sheet (1).pdf - STUDENTS - these...

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STUDENTS - these review sheets are for review, not for use during your exam.AP±² ³N´µ 7 p¶. 2REFERENCE SHEETOV·¸¹´EW º»Context: Empty Promises for ColoniesAnti-Colonialismand NationalismAfter WWIHow did WWI renew the desire for independence/decolonizationColonies contributed soldiers and resources to warWar showed that big European powers not invincibleMany colonies were promised independence for their service in WWI, but at the Paris Peace Conference only white European colonies were granted thisAnti-Colonialism and theMandate SystemAnti-Colonialism in South AsiaNationalism in East AsiaAnti-Colonialism in AfricaMandate system:established through theLeague of Nations, determined thatcolonies and territories of the CentralPowers would be taken by the AlliesFrance and Britain gainCameroonJapan gains German islands inWestern PacificLeague of Nations (mostlyFrance/Britain) mandates alsoincluded many areas in theMiddle East - Palestine,Lebanon, Syria, IraqLeads toPan-Arabism:movement/ideologycalling forunification of allNorth African andMiddle EasternlandsBalfour Declaration:1917 statement byBritish, said Palestine should bepermanent home for Jews of EuropeSupporters known asZionistsLed to conflict and massmigration of European Jews toIndian National Congress:formed in late 19thcentury to represent interests of India/discussissues with BritainAfter WWI, becomes renewed voicefor independenceMassacre at Amritsar:1919 group of Indiannationalists gathered in a public garden toprotest the jailing of two freedom fightersduring a Sikh festivalThough peaceful, public gatheringswere outlawed by British, armedsoldiers shot into the crowd379 injured, 1200 woundedConvinced many to fight forindependence from BritishGandhi:encouragedcivil disobedience; Indiansto break unjust laws and reveal the injustices ofthe British empire to the internationalcommunityKnown also as MahatmaHomespun MovementSalt MarchTwo State Solution: proposal focusing on how toorganize a future independent India; due toreligious interests proposal for a separate statecalledPakistanKeep in mind that Korea, China, and Japanhad European influence and control, butwere not formal colonies.Korea:March First Movement: series ofprotests involving 2 millionKoreans after Europe supportedJapanese expansion in East Asia;led to death of several thousandKoreans by Japanese.China:May Fourth Movement: Chineseprotest against Western-Stylegovernment, especially afterEurope supports Japaneseexpansion in East Asia. Ledmany leaders to turn to MarxistideologyTwo parties vie for power:Chinese Communist Party(ledby Mao Zedong)Kuomintang/Nationalist Party(led by Chiang Kai Shek)Japan:expansion leading up to WWII forGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity SphereEmpty promises of WWI lead to pushfor independence by European-educated African leaders. They beganto recognize racial discrimination andthe impact of the colonizers as theystudied or worked for colonialgovernments, and pushed fordecolonization.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Morrison
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