HISTORY 1 - All colonies founded under Charles II and James...

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All colonies founded under Charles II and James II will be PROPRIETARY COLONIES 1663 – Group of 8 men given a charter for the colony of CAROLINA 1) Slow growth – starts south and moves north 2) Only one decent harbor – eventually becomes the city of Charleston 3) Headrights, Indentured Servants, Slavery Only English colony to be settled by people from other English colonies rather than from England Many came from Barbados – Small Island in the Caribbean known for growing sugar cane Have people already familiar with the harsh realities of colonial life Experience with plantation and slavery By 1700 blacks made up about half of the population of the Carolina colony 1712 – North and South Carolina are created NEW YORK 1664 Charles II granted a charter of land to his brother James the Duke of York Problem – Some Dutch have settled there – MANHATTEN ISLAND Reason – growing rivalry between Dutch and English Peter Stuyvesant – unpopular Dutch Governor NEW JERSEY Duke of York gives part of his lands to George Carteret – EAST JERSEY John Berkley – WEST JERSEY 1702 – NEW JERSEY PENNSYLVANIA William Penn – Haven for Quakers (Society of Friends) Recent convert to the Quaker faith – Father was personal friend of Charles II Charles II owed his dead father a debt – 1681 gave charter for Proprietary Colony Quakers = different from Puritans Colony – Religious toleration for all Christians Good Relations with Native Americans DELAWARE 1682 Duke of York granted land – originally under Penn. Jurisdiction
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1701 – Became independent colony GEORGIA The last colony – 1733 Slightly different – not pursuit of profits – not a wealthy proprietor like Maryland or Carolina Not a religious refuge What emerges – group of unpaid trustees led by JAMES OGLETHORPE After 21 years control of colony reverts to the crown 1) Philanthropy – refuge for the impoverished – begin life a new 2) Military consideration – barrier against Spanish lands in FL 3) Limit land holdings to 500 acres 4) No alcohol 5) No slavery By 1751 Restrictions being ignored Early years colonies are more self-governing England does not have a cohesive or coherent system for controlling the colonies 1) Each colony more or less governed itself 2) Most political activity occurred at the town level 3) Local officials kept the peace, resolved disputes, arranged for public works projects 4) Most colonists too busy w/ daily routines to pay attention to what is going on
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HISTORY 1 - All colonies founded under Charles II and James...

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