HISTORY 2 - COLONIAL WARFARE England and France vying for...

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COLONIAL WARFARE England and France vying for power on the continent Seeking Status there – Going to have its effects on their colonial empires As colonies start to grow – spread out – conflicts over who has a right to the land 1 – Expansion of empires in North America reflected the policies of European states locked in a relentless competition for power and wealth 2 – From the time of the Glorious Revolution (1688) British foreign policy as aimed at limited the expansion of French influence 3 – As 18 th century wore on – Conflicts between England and France in Europe will spread to North America 4 – WARS King William’s War: 1689-1697 Queen Anne’s War: 1702-1713 King George’s War: 1744-1763 French and Indian War: 1754-1763 5 – When peace finally comes in 1763 – England emerges as the winner and cemented its control over the North American region FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR During 3 previous conflicts – tense relations between French, their allies the Iroquois Indians and the British End of King George’s War – Iroquois grand English merchant’s fur trapping rights in the interior French fearful English would use this as their first step toward expanding into French lands 1749 French start building forts in the Ohio Valley British interpret French activity as a threat to their western settlements British start building forts of their own French built Fort Duquesne on disputed ground French claim it – PA claims it – VA claims it Summer 1754 Governor of VA sends militia force under command of inexperienced young colonel – GEORGE WASHINGTON They attack Fort Duquesne – beaten back and captured
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Opening shot of French and Indian War ALBANY CONGRESS Coordinate a policy of defense of colonies and policy toward Native Americans 7 colonies sent 24 delegates and invited various members of different tribes – trying to get Native Americans to join their side – 150 showed up – decided to stay neutral ALBANY PLAN OF UNION – Rejected by colonies – this plan called for an intercolonial (central) government – could regulate trade, Indian affairs, had the right to tax on imports to raise money. – Colonies not willing to give up any of their power to central government. FRNECH AND INDIAN WAR HAD 3 PHASES 1754-1756 North American conflict – modest British assistance – most of it inept Indians align themselves with the French 1756-1758 Hostilities start between English and French start in Europe and other parts of the globe England sending over British army headed by British officers – do not get along well with colonists 1758-1763 Turning point in the conflict William Pitt appointed by George II and Secretary of State Pitt takes over planning the war himself June 1759 – City of Quebec surrenders 1760 Montreal surrenders TREATY OF PARIS 1763 1- France cedes all of North American lands All of Canada Lands up to the Mississippi Island in the West Indies India Spain although not involved in the fighting on this continent gets all the lands west of the Mississippi River WARS COST MONEY Greatly expanded English debt
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HISTORY 2 - COLONIAL WARFARE England and France vying for...

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